NCERT Class 10 Chapter 7 Triangles Official CBSE Board Sample Problems Short Answer (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Question

is right angled at C. If p is the length of the perpendicular from C to AB and a, b, c are the lengths of the sides opposite respectively then prove that

Solution

Right Angled

Given: In and .

Also, and

To prove:

Proof: In

Apply Pythagoras theorem

(i)

Now, area of (ii)

Also area of (iii)

Equation (iii) and (ii) we have

Put value of in equation (i)

(dividing both sides by )

Question

From airport two aero planes start at the same time. If the speed of first aero plane due North is 500 km/h and that of other due East is 650 km/h, then find the distance between two aero planes after 2 hours.

Solution

Airport Two Aero Planes

Speed of aero plane along north = 500 km/h

Speed of aero plane along east = 650 km/b

Distance travelled by aero plane in 2 hours in

North direction.

Distance travelled by aeroplane in 2 hours in East direction.

Distance between both d ′ roplanes after 2 hours = AB.

(By Pythagoras theorem in ]

km

Question

R and S are points on the sides DE and EF respectively of a LDEF such that and . Find whether or not.

Solution

Construction: Join ₹

To find: or not

Proof: WE have RE = 5 cm

and RD = 2.5 cm

Now

Similarly, we have,

and

Now,

Here

₹ is not parallel to DF.

Parallelogram

Question

Parallelogram

In the figure, ABCD is a parallelogram and E divides BC in the ratio 1: 3. DB and AE intersect at F. Show that DF = 4FB and AF = 4FE

Solution

Parallelogram

Given ABCD is a parallelogram and

To show DF = 4FB and AF = 4FE

Proof In and

(Alternate angles)

(V. O. A.)

(by AA)

AS

Put in (I) , we get

AND

Question

If the areas of two similar triangles are equal, prove that they are congruent.

Solution

Given, area and

We know that:

Similarly BC = QR and AC = PR

Thus, SSS congruency criterion)

Question

In fig, if D is mid-point of BC, find the value of

Traingle

Solution