CBSE Class 11-Mathematics: Natural Numbers: Sets Exercise 1

Get top class preparation for CBSE right from your home: fully solved questions with step-by-step explanation- practice your way to success.

Question 1:

Which of the following are sets? Justify your answer.

(i) The collection of all months of a year beginning with the letter J.

(ii) The collection of ten most talented writers of India.

(iii) A team of eleven best-cricket batsmen of the world.

(iv) The collection of all boys in your class.

(v) The collection of all-natural numbers less than .

(vi) A collection of novels written by the writer Munshi Prem Chand.

(vii) The collection of all even integers.

(viii) The collection of questions in this Chapter.

(ix) A collection of most dangerous animals of the world.

Question 2:

Let . Insert the appropriate symbol or in the blank spaces:

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

(vi)

Question 3:

Write the following sets in roster form:

(i) .

(ii) .

(iii)

(iv) .

(v) E = The set of all letters in the word TRIGONOMETRY.

(vi) F = The set of all letters in the word BETTER.

Question 4:

Write the following sets in the set-builder form:

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

Question 5:

List all the elements of the following sets:

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

(vi) .

Question 6:

Match each of the set on the left in the roster form with the same set on the right described in set-builder form:

(I)

(II)

(III)

(IV)

Solution 1:

(i) The collection of all months of a year beginning with the letter J is a well-defined collection of objects because one can definitely identify a month that belongs to this collection.

Hence, this collection is a set.

(ii) The collection of ten most talented writers of India is not a well-defined collection because determination of a writer’s talent may vary from person to person.

Hence, this collection is not a set.

(iii) A team of eleven best cricket batsmen of the world is not a well-defined collection because the determination a batsman’s talent may vary from person to person.

Hence, this collection is not a set.

(iv) The collection of all boys in your class is a well-defined collection because you can definitely identify a boy who belongs to this collection.

Hence, this collection is a set.

(v) The collection of all natural numbers less than is a well-defined collection because one can definitely identify a number that belongs to this collection.

Hence, this collection is a set.

(vi) A collection of novels written by the writer Munshi Prem Chand is a well-defined collection because one can definitely identify a book that belongs to this collection.

Hence, this collection is a set.

(vii) The collection of all even integers is a well-defined collection because one can definitely identify an even integer that belongs to this collection.

Hence, this collection is a set.

(viii) The collection of questions in this chapter is a well-defined collection because one can definitely identify a question that belongs to this chapter.

Hence, this collection is a set.

(ix) The collection of most dangerous animals of the world is not a well defined collection because the determination of the dangerousness of an animal can vary from person to person.

Hence, this collection is not a set.

Solution 2:

. The answer are quite apparent

(i) as belongs to A

(ii) as does not belongs to A

(iii) A as does not belongs to A

(iv) as does belongs to A

(v) as does belongs to A

(vi) as does not belongs to A

Solution 3

The answer are quite apparent

1

The elements of this set are and only.

Therefore, the given set can be written in roster form as

2

The elements of this set are and only.

Therefore, the given set can be written in roster form as

3

The numbers whose sum is can be

So The elements of this set are , and

only.

Therefore, this set can be written in roster form as

4

The elements of this set are , and 5 only.

Therefore, this set can be written in roster form as

5.

The set of all letters in the word

TRIGONOMETRY

There are letters in the word TRIGONOMETRY, out of which letters T, R, and O are repeated.

Therefore, this set can be written in roster form as

6.

The set of all letters in the word

BETTER

There are 6 letters in the word BETTER, out of which letters E

and T are repeated.

Therefore, this set can be written in roster form as

Solution 4:

The answer are quite apparent

1

2

It can be seen that and

3

It can be seen that and .

4

5

It can be seen that .

Solution 5:

The answer are quite apparent

1

2

As. and , the only integer are

3

Given that taking root both sides we get

Integers number between and including and are , and

Hence

4

Word LOYAL has alphabet L, O, Y and A

Hence

5

Month of year having days are February, April,

June, September and November.

Hence

6

Consonant in the English alphabet before alphabet are , and .

Hence

Solution 6:

(i) All the elements of this set are natural numbers as well as the divisors of 6

Therefore, (i) matches with (c).

(ii)It can be seen that 2 and 3 are prime numbers. They are also the divisors of 6.

Therefore, (ii) matches with (a).

(iii) All the elements of this set are letters of the word MATHEMATICS.

Therefore, (iii) matches with (d).

(iv) All the elements of this set are odd natural numbers less than 10.

Therefore, (iv) matches with (b).