# NCERT Class 9 Maths Formula CBSE Board Sample Problems Part 12 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2023)

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## 12. Surface Area and Volume

S. no | Term | Description |

1 | Mensuration | It is branch of mathematics which is concerned about the measurement of length, area, and Volume of plane and Solid figure |

2 | Perimeter | (a) The perimeter of plane figure is defined as the length of the boundary (b) Its units are same as that of length i.e.. . , m, cm, km |

3 | Area | (a) The area of the plane figure is the surface enclosed by its boundary (b) Its unit is square of length unit. i.e.. . , |

4 | Volume | Volume is the measure of the amount of space inside of a solid figure, like a cube, ball, cylinder, or pyramid. Its units are always “cubic,” that is, the number of little element cubes that fit inside the figure. |

### Volume Unit Conversion

1 | 1 mL | 1000 |

1 Litre | 1000 mI | 1000 |

1 | 1000 L | |

1 | 1000 | 1 L |

### Surface Area and Volume of Cube and Cuboid

Cube

Cuboid

Type | Measurement |

Surface Area of Cuboid of Length L, Breadth B and Height H | |

Lateral surface area of the cuboids | |

Diagonal of the cuboids | |

Volume of a cuboids | LBH |

Length of all 12 edges of the cuboids | 4 (L + B + H) . |

Surface Area of Cube of side L | |

Lateral surface area of the cube | |

Diagonal of the cube | |

Volume of a cube |

### Surface Area and Volume of Right Circular Cylinder

**Radius**

The radius (r) of the circular base is called the radius of the cylinder

**Height**

The length of the axis of the cylinder is called the height (h) of the cylinder

**Lateral Surface**

The curved surface joining the two base of a right circular cylinder is called Lateral Surface.

Type | Measurement |

Curved or lateral Surface Area of cylinder | |

Total surface area of cylinder | |

Volume of Cylinder |

### Surface Area and Volume of Right Circular Cone

**Radius**

The radius (r) of the circular base is called the radius of the cone

**Height**

The length of the line segment joining the vertex to the center of base is called the height (h) of the cone.

**Slant Height**

The length of the segment joining the vertex to any point on the circular edge of the base is called the slant height (L) of the cone.

**Lateral surface Area**

The curved surface joining the base a′ uppermost point of a right circular cone is called Lateral Surface

Type | Measurement |

Curved or lateral Surface Area of cone | |

Total surface area of cone | |

Volume of Cone |

### Surface Area and Volume of Sphere and Hemisphere

**Sphere**

A sphere can also be considered as a solid obtained on rotating a circle about its diameter

**Hemisphere**

A plane through the centre of the sphere divides the sphere into two equal parts, each of which is called a hemisphere

**Radius**

The radius of the circle by which it is formed

**Spherical Shell**

The difference of two solid concentric spheres is called a spherical shell

**Lateral Surface Area for Sphere**

Total surface area of the sphere

**Lateral Surface area of Hemisphere**

It is the curved surface area leaving the circular base

Types | Measurement |

Surface area of Sphere | |

Volume of Sphere | |

Curved Surface area of hemisphere | |

Total Surface area of hemisphere | |

Volume of hemisphere | |

Volume of the spherical shell whose outer and inner radii and ‘R’ and ‘r’ respectively |

### How the Surface Area and Volume Are Determined

**Area of Circle**

The circumference of a circle is 2 nr.

This is the definition of n (pi) . Divide the circle into many triangular segments. The area of the triangles is times the sum of their bases, 2 nr (the circumference) , times their height, r.

**Surface Area of cylinder**

This can be imagined as unwrapping the surface into a rectangle.

**Surface area of cone**

This can be achieved by divide the surface of the cone into its triangles, or the surface of the cone into many thin triangles. The area of the triangles is times the sum of their bases, p, times their height,