Food – Our Fuel: Different Components of Food, Wheat Germ and Junk Food Questions (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Q1. Answer in 2 - 3 Sentences

  • Why is water an important part of our diet?
  • How do the proteins in our food help our body?
  • Describe the importance of fats in our diet.
  • Explain what would happen to our body if we do not include fibre in our daily diet.

Q2. Write Whether the Following Are True or False

1. Lentils, nuts, sesame, whole wheat are sources of animal protein.

2. Carrots are rich in vitamin D.

3. Food rich in iron helps in having good vision.

4. Drinking lots of water causes dehydration.

5. Fruits and vegetables contain water.

6. Cereals and salt need to be refrigerated.

7. Improper storage and packing of food keep it fresh.

8. All foods become spoiled if not stored appropriately.

9. Refrigerated foods never spoil.

10. Cooking the right quantity of food reduces food wastage.

Q3. Fill in the Blanks

1. Sweet potato, honey and sugar are rich in ________ which provides energy.

2. Oranges, melons, mangoes, berries are rich in vitamin ________.

3. ________ are a rich source of energy and help us absorb many vitamins.

4. Vitamin A and vitamin E help us have ________.

5. Vitamin D is required for healthy ________ and ________.

6. Iron helps us have healthy ________.

7. Food containing ________ and ________ are called protective food.

8. Bodybuilding food are rich in ________.

9. ________ contains vitamin A, vitamin K and vitamin E.

10. ________ has proteins, fat and iron.

11. ________ in unclean food can cause stomach aches, vomiting and diarrhoea.

Question 4. Choose the Correct Option

1. Which among the following is not a source of proteins?

  • Eggs
  • Chicken
  • Chickpeas
  • Sugar

2. Which of the following is not a source of iron?

  • Meat
  • Almonds
  • Spinach
  • Raisins

3. Which of the following is not a source of fats?

  • Yogurt
  • Spinach
  • Ghee
  • Pistachio

4. Which one of the following is not a function of vitamin C?

  • Helps us heal wounds
  • Helps us fight diseases
  • Helps us have good eyesight
  • Helps us have healthy gums

5. Which of the following statements is true for vitamins?

  • Rich energy source
  • Help us keep hydrated
  • Protect us from illness
  • Help us absorb nutrients

6. Which of the following statements is not true for fats?

  • Keeps our skin soft
  • Helps us absorb vitamins
  • Rich energy source
  • Helps us heal wounds

7. Which of the following is a source of vitamin A and E?

  • Green leafy vegetables
  • Avocados
  • Nuts
  • Spinach

8. Fibre is present in ________.

  • Sugar
  • Lentils
  • Cereals
  • Eggs

9. Which of the following is not a good food habit?

  • Checking food for their expiry date
  • Washing raw vegetables and fruits
  • Cooking food in excess
  • Storing food in the refrigerator

HOTS

Question. Are these people having a balanced meal? Why or Why not?

A. Amit is having curd rice with a salad.

B. Jessie is having cereal with milk.