NCERT Economics Class 10 Chapter 1 Development CBSE Board Sample Problems Long Answer (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Question

In what respects is the criterion used by the UNDP for measuring development different from the one used by World Bank?

Solution

  • 1 . UNDP compares on the basis of literacy rate, gross enrolment ratio and health status of people.
  • 2. It gives ranks to the country՚s according to their level of development
  • 3. It is a wider concept as it includes other things besides income
  • 4. World Bank compares on the basis of per capita income
  • 5. It divides the country՚s according to
    • Rich or high income countries
    • Middle income or developing countries
    • Poor or low income countries
  • 6. It is a narrow concept

Question

Why do different person have different notion of development?

Explain.

Solution

  • It is because the life situations of persons are different. People see things that are most important for them or that which can fulfil their aspirations of desires.
  • For example, the developmental goal of a boy from a rich urban family would be to get admission in a reputed college whereas the development goal of a girl from a rich urban family would be to get as much freedom as her brother.

Question

“Conflicting goals can be development goals” . Elaborate with examples.

Solution

  • At times two person or group of people may seek things which are conflicting.
  • A girl expects as much freedom and opportunity as her brother and that he also shares in the household work. Her brother may not like this.
  • Similarly, to get more electricity, Industrialist may want more dams but this may Sub merge the land and disturb the lives of people, who are displaced, such as tribal.

Question

Mention the differences between developed country and developing country?

Solution

  • Developed countries -A country having an effective rate of industrialization and individual income. Its literacy rate is high.
  • It is self-contained and flourished. The industrial growth is high standard of living and a better environmental in terms of Health and safety
  • Developing countries- A country which has a slow rate of industrialization and low per capita income. Its literacy rate is low. It is dependent and emerging to be developed. They rely on the developed country for their growth and safety.
  • Moderate standard of living in terms of Health.

Question

Explain with examples what factors other than income are important aspects of our lives.

Solution

Money is our pocket cannot buy all the goods and services that we may need to live well.

  • Money cannot buy us pollution -free environment.
  • Money cannot buy us a disease-free life and might not be able to get protection from infectious disease.
  • Besides money, people also like to have equal treatment in the society, freedom, dignity and Honour in their Iives, which money cannot buy them

Question

“National Development of a country depends on the availability of public facilities” How?

Solution

  • Public facilities are those provided by the government, instead of the individuals or private sources. For this reason, they may be either highly subsidized or totally free of cost.
  • They are important because many persons do not have enough income to be able to avail facilities provided by the private sector, resulting in difficulties faced like inadequate healthcare, poor nutrition, lack of education etc.
  • The utility of two public facilities available in India are one public facility is the Public Distribution System (PDS) which provides fair average quality of food grains.
  • The order is healthcare in government hospitals and dispensaries, which is provided to all at subsidized rates.

Question

Give examples to prove that there are other important development goals than income.

Solution

  • Besides income, the development goals of various categories of people are different from person to person. Some examples of developmental goal other than income are:
  • For rich farmer Higher support price for crops, cheap labour and subsidized inputs.
  • For landless rural labourer more days of work, schools for their children and no social discrimination.
  • For adivasi No social discrimination, year round employment, school education for children and PDS shop in his village.
  • For urban youth Opportunity for higher education, availability of an office job and a self-owned house.
  • For urban girl from rich family Freedom to decide her profession and being able to pursue her higher studies abroad.

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