NCERT Economics Class 10 Chapter 1 Development CBSE Board Sample Problems Short Answer (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Question

What are public facilities? Why are they important? Explain the utility of two public facilities available in India.

Solution

  • Public facilities are offered by government and not by individuals or private sectors.
  • They are highly subsidized so that everyone rich or poor can avail them.
  • Example are government hospitals and ration shops (Public Distribution System) .

Question

“Average income is an important criterion for development” . Justify.

Solution

  • To check the criteria for the development of countries, their income is considered to be one of the most important attributes.
  • Countries with higher income are more developed than others with less income.
  • This is based on the understanding that more income means more of all the things that human being needs.

Question

Explain how development goals and aspiration of landless rural labours, prosperous farmers and poor farmers are different.

Solution

Development goals and aspirations for these farmers are different.

  • Landless rural labours- They would like to have more days of work and better wages, local School to provide quality education to their children there should not be any social discrimination so that they too can become leader in the village.
  • Prosperous farmers-They should have an assurance of High family income through higher support price for their crops through hardworking and cheap labours.
  • Farmer who depend only in rains- This kind of farmer main goal is to have irrigational facilities, Crop Insurance on less premium and water facilities of life for them as well as their children.

Question

Explain the meaning of HDI. Mention three components of measuring HDI.

Solution

HDI stand for Human Development Index. It may be defined as the process of widening People՚s Choice as well as raising that level of the wellbeing.

Components of measuring H D …

  • Life expectancy- it is the average expected length of life of a person at the time of birth.
  • Per capita income is calculated by dividing the total national income of a country by population.
  • Gross enrollment ratio for three levels --It means enrollment ratio for primary schools secondary schools and higher education beyond secondary level.

Question

What is the criterion used by the UNDP for classifying countries?

Solution

United Nation development programme has used the criterion of Human Development Index to measure the development of countries. HDI is calculated on the basis.

  • Per capita income -when the total national income of the country is divided by the population.
  • Life expectancy- it measures the average age of a person in a country it helps us to know the health facilities of a country.
  • Literacy rate- education is also one of the most important criteria for the development of a country.
  • Gross enrolment ratio - it measures the education gained at three levels at the Primary Secondary and Higher Education level.

Question

What is development? What are two aspects of development?

Solution

Development is such a situation that can fulfil the aspiration or Desire of people. It is the progress or improvement in the lifestyle of the people. Two aspects of development are:

  • Different person can have different development goals.
  • What may be development for one may not be development for the others.

Question

What is the advantage of per capita income? Mention any one.

Solution

It helps to compare the development of countries as per capita income tells us whether people in one country are better off than other in a different country.

Question

Sunita a 25 years old woman lived in a village. Her height is 1.45 m and weight is 36 kg. While Nisha of the same age and height weight 48 kg. What can be said about their nutritional condition?

Solution

Sunita՚s BMI

Nisha՚s BMI

Sunita՚s BMI is less than 18.5 kg/ therefore she is underweight whereas Nisha՚s BMI is 22.82 which lies under the normal weight category.

Question

What does sustainability of development mean? How can sustainable development be achieved?

Solution

  • Sustainable of development mean that development should take place without damaging the environment, development in the present should not compromise with needs of future generations.
  • Sustainable development can be achieved in the following ways
  • By scientific and proper use of resources.
  • By finding out ways to stop environment.
  • By developing renewable source of energy like water, wind and solar energy.

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