NCERT Geography Class 10 Chapter 1 Resources and Development India CBSE Board Sample Problems Short Answer (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Explain any three steps taken to solve the problem of land degradation


  • Planting of shelter belts of plants.
  • Proper management of waste lands.
  • Proper discharge and disposal of industrial effluents and wastes after treatment can reduce land degradation.


Write any three human activities which are mainly responsible for land degradation in India.


(1) Mining - (a) Expansion of mining and quarrying too have contributed significantly to land degradation.

(b) In Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa deforestation due to mining have caused severe land degradation.

(2) Over-grazing- In Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra over grazing is one of the main reasons for land degradation.

(3) Over irrigation- In Punjab, Haryana, Western U. Pradesh, over irrigation is responsible for land degradation due to water logging to increase in salinity and alkalinity in soil.


What is the need for resource planning?


i) Planning is very important for a country like India where enormous diversity exists in the availability of resources.

(ii) Regional disparity is seen everywhere in India

(iii) Ex-Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh are rich in minerals and coal deposits.

(a) Ladakh cold desert is relatively isolated from the rest of the country and therefore need special planning for development.

(b) India is endowed with very rich cultural heritage but it is deficient in water, infrastructure and some vital minerals.


Explain the resources on the basis of exhaustibility with the help of examples.


On the basis of exhaustibility resources are of two types:-

Renewable Resources:-

1 . Resources which can be renewed or reproduced by physical chemical or mechanical processes are called renewable resources.

2. They are also known as replenish able resources.

3. ex-solar energy, water, wind energy, forests etc.

Non-Renewable Resources:-

1 . Non-renewable resources occur over a very long geological time.

2. Metals are recyclable.

3. Fossil fuels are non-recyclable.


How is land use determined in a country?


Determination of land use:

1 Physical and human factors determine land use.

2. Physical factors include topography, ultimate, soil types.

3. Human Factors:- Population density, technological capability and cultural traditions etc.


Examine the three major problems created as a result of indiscriminate utilization of natural resources.


The following are the three major problems created as a result of indiscriminate utilization of natural resources:

1 . Depletion of resources at a faster rate.

2. Accumulation of resources in the hands of few creating a wide gap between the haves (rich) and have nots (poor) .

3. Increase in global crises like ozone layer depletion, global warming, pollution and land degradation.


Mention any three features of arid soil.


The following are the three features of arid soils:

1 . The color of the arid soil ranges from red to brown.

2. Arid soils are generally sandy in texture and saline in nature.

3. The soils lack humus and moisture because of dry climate, high temperature and fast evaporation.

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