NCERT Geography Class 10 Chapter 2 Agriculture in India CBSE Board Sample Problems Short Answer (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Question

Write any three features of Indian agriculture.

Solution

Three features of Indian agriculture are

  • In Intensive subsistence type, small fields cultivated with human labour
  • Mainly food crops are grown.
  • Farmers mainly depend on animals for ploughing as there is lack of storage facilities and finances.

Question

Which crop is known as Golden Fibre? Write any two geographical conditions essential for the cultivation of this crop.

Solution

Jute is known as Golden Fibre.

Geographical conditions required for growth of jute:

  • Soil: It requires well-drained fertile soils in the floodplains where soils are renewed every year.
  • Temperature: High temperature is needed during the time of growth.

Question

What is plantation farming? Describe its three characteristics.

Solution

Plantation is a type of commercial farming. In plantation farming, on a large tract of land a single crop is grown.

It is also called tree or bush farming.

Examples: Tea, coffee, sugarcane, rubber, etc.

Characteristics:

  • It is done mainly for the market. The sole aim is to earn profit.
  • It uses capital intensive inputs with the help of the laborers.
  • It has an interface of agriculture and industry.

Question

Write three steps taken by the government to increase farm yields.

Solution

  • Seed: High yielding varieties and quick maturing seeds that develop resistance to pest based on scientific research and field trials have been introduced.
  • Fertilizers: Chemical fertilizers are used on a large scale. In certain cases, bio-fertilizers are replacing chemical fertilizers.
  • Soil and water conservation: For the first time under the WTO mandate, soil testing facilities and watershed management techniques are being extended to the farmers.

Question

Why do we need Technical and Institutional reforms in agriculture?

Solution

  • Inspite of development of sources of Irrigation, most of the farmers in large parts of the country still depend upon monsoon and natural fertility in order to carry on their agriculture.
  • For a growing population this poses a serious challenge Agriculture needs some serious technical and institutional reforms.

Question

Explain rice cultivation in India under the following heads.

(a) Temperature

(b) Rainfall

(c) Agricultural season

(d) Major producing areas.

Solution

  • Temperature: Rice requires a high temperature of above 25°C.
  • Rainfall: It requires high humidity with an annual rainfall above 100 cm. In the areas of less rainfall, irrigation is essential.
  • Agricultural season: It is a kharif crop, which is grown with the onset of monsoon and is harvested in September-October.
  • Major producing areas: Rice is cultivated in the plains of north and northeastern India, coastal areas and the deltaic regions. Development of canal irrigation and tube wells have made it possible to grow rice in areas of low rainfall such as Punjab, Haryana, Western Uttar Pradesh and parts of Rajasthan.

Question

Explain rubber cultivation in India under the following heads.

(a) Importance.

(b) Geographical conditions.

(c) Any two rubber-producing states.

Solution

  • Importance: Rubber is an important industrial raw material.
  • Geographical conditions: It is an equitable crop, which is grown in tropical and subtropical areas. It requires moist and humid climate with temperature above 25°C and rainfall above
  • 200 cm.
  • Two rubber-producing states: It is mainly grown in Kerala,
  • Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Garo hills of Meghalaya.

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