NCERT Geography Class 10 Chapter 4 Lifelines of National Economy India CBSE Board Sample Problems Long Answer (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Question

How tourism as a trade has flourished in India? Explain?

Solution

The Tourism as a trade has flourished in India as mentioned below:

  • There has been increase of 23.5 percent during the year 2004 as against the year 2003 and contributed ₹ 21,828 crores of foreign exchange.
  • Over 2.6 Million foreign tourists visit India every year.
  • Over 15 million people are directly employed in the tourism industry in the country.
  • It promotes national integration because people from India also go from one place to another place.
  • It helps in the development of international understanding. Foreign tourists are attracted by Indian culture and traditions.
  • It supports local handicrafts and cultural pursuits because tourists purchase many products during their visits.
  • Foreign tourist visits India for visiting places of heritage or to have adventures in hilly region or to have business with India.
  • Rajasthan, Goa, Jammu and Kashmir and temple town of south India have attracted many tourists from all over the world.

Question

Explain the advantages of Air Transport in the North East part of India.

Solution

The Air transport is considered as the best means of transport in North Eastern part.

  • The region is covered with inaccessible forest and can reached mainly by air transport.
  • These areas are frequently stuck by floods and then the air transport is mainly used to provide the relief in these regions.
  • These regions have number of big rivers which are not navigable mainly during rainy seasons. And here also air transport proved to be the best.
  • The international frontiers are easily accessible through air transport.
  • Due to the dissected terrain in these regions it is very difficult to develop the other modes of transport and air transport proved to the best means of transport for these areas.

Question

“Railways are the principal mode of transportation in India” Explain.

Solution

The railways are the main artery of inland transport in India. It is the lifeline of the country as mentioned below:

  • Railways are the principal mode of transportation for freight and passengers.
  • The Indian Railways have a network of 7,031 stations, 7,817 locomotives, 5,321 passenger service vehicles, 4,904 other coach vehicles and 228,170 wagons as on 31st March, 2004.
  • The total length of railways is 63,221 km.
  • Railways are useful in conducting business, sightseeing, and pilgrimage along with transportation of goods over longer distances.
  • It is the largest public undertaking in the country.
  • Thus, it is clear that the railways are playing an important role in our economy than all other means of transport put together.

Question

Describe the problems that are being faced in road transportation in India.

Solution

  • The problems that are being faced in road transportation in
  • Indian are as given below:
    • Inadequate network in view of the volume of traffic and passengers.
    • Half of the roads are un-metalled that cannot be used using rainy season.
    • National Highways are inadequate to meet the rush of traffic.
    • Roads in the cities are highly congested.
    • Most of the bridges and culverts are old and narrow.
    • Roadside amenities like emergency health services, police protection on the highways are not adequate.
  • The above problems need immediate attention of the government to make road transport more popular and useful in the country.

Question

Describe Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways with special reference to its objectives and the North South and East-West corridors.

Solution

  • Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways is a major road development project linking Delhi-Kolkata -Chennai- Mumbai and Delhi by six lanes Super Highways.
  • The objective of these Super Highways is to meet the requirements of fast movement of traffic in the country and to reduce the time and distance between the mega cities of India.
  • North-South corridor connects Srinagar to Kanyakumari.
  • East-West Corridor connects Silchar to Porbandar.
  • These highway projects are being implemented by the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) .

Question

“Roadways have an edge over railways” . How?

Solution

Roadways have an edge over railways due to following reasons:-

  • The construction cost of roadway is much lower than that of the railways. Its maintenance is also cheap and easy.
  • Roads can be built in mountainous areas. The roads can traverse comparatively more dissected and undulating topography. Roads can negotiable higher gradients of slopes and as such can traverse mountains such as the Himalayas.
  • Road transport is economical in transportation of few persons and relatively smaller amount of goods over short distances.

Question

Why are the means of transportation and communication called the lifelines of a nation and its economy?

Solution

The means of transportation and communication are called the lifelines of a nation and its economy due to the reasons given below:

  • The means of transportation and communication help in the production and movement of goods and services.
  • Transport helps in the development of communication. Various means of communication help us in interacting with other in all the parts of the world. It has brought the world closer.
  • Transport like railways helps us in conducting various activities like business, sightseeing, pilgrimage and transportation of goods over longer distances.
  • Pipelines are used for transporting crude oil and natural gas to refineries and factories.
  • Water provides the cheapest means of transport and is useful for international trade.
  • Air transport provides the fastest, most comfortable mode of transport.
  • Thus, it is clear that there are many advantages of transportation and communication. They help in the development of the country. So, they are rightly called the lifelines of a nation and its economy.

Question

Why is a dense and efficient network of transport and communication a prerequisite for the development of local, national and global trade of today? Give your opinion.

Solution

Dense and efficient network of transport and communication is a pre-requisite for the development of local, national and global trade of today because of the following reasons.

  • We use different material and services in our daily life. Some of these are available in our immediate surroundings while other requirements are met by bringing things from other places. Movement of these goods and services can be over three domains of earth.
  • Today the world has converted into a large village with the help of efficient and fast-moving transport.
  • Transport has been able to achieve this with the help of equally developed communication system.
  • Therefore transport, communication and trade are complementary to each other.
  • Today, India is well linked with rest of the world despite its vast size diversity, linguistic and socio-cultural plurality.

Question

Explain any five major problems faced by road transport in India.

Solution

The major problems faced by road transport in India are as follows:

  • The road network is inadequate when volume of traffic and passengers are taken into consideration.
  • Nearly half of the roads are unmetalled and it limits their usage during the rainy season.
  • Roadways are highly congested in the cities, with frequent traffic jams.
  • Most of the bridges and culverts are old and narrow.
  • The national highways are inadequate too.