NCERT Geography Class 10 Chapter 4 Lifelines of National Economy India CBSE Board Sample Problems Short Answer (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Question

In spite of numerous rivers, why our India՚s inland waterways poorly developed? Which water body is to be used for inland navigation?

Solution

In following ways our India՚s inland waterways poorly developed-

  • Seasonal fluctuations in the water level of most rivers.
  • Reduction in water level due to diversions for irrigation.
  • Silting of the river bed.
  • Flats and swift current.
  • Navigable areas are-lower courses of Himalayan and peninsular rivers, backwaters and lagoons and the
  • Buckingham Canal which starts from Godavari Delta to
  • Chennai.

Question

Describe the advantages of electrification of Railways.

Solution

The major advantages or as follows

  • Relieves railway from carrying coal to distant apart for its own steam engines.
  • Ensures most speedy movement of traffic by increasing the capacity of track to run more trains.
  • Mean a cleaner travel for passengers.
  • Ensures a pollution free environment.

Question

Explain the importance of ‘Radio’ and ‘Television’ as an effective means of mass communication in India?

Solution

The importance of ‘Radio’ and ‘Television’ as an effective means of communication in India is due to the factors as mentioned below:

  • Radio and television entertain the people.
  • These create awareness among people about various national programmes and policies as debates are conducted on television and radio.
  • Programmes are broadcast in different languages for all types of people.

Question

Write a short note on the uses of pipeline transport in India.

Solution

  • Earlier pipelines were used to transport water to cities and industries. Now, pipelines are being used for transporting crude oil, petroleum products and natural gas from oil and natural gas fields to oil refineries, fertilizer factories and big thermal power plants.
  • Crude oil and other petroleum products can be transported to far away inland locations like Baruani and Panipat.
  • Pipelines have proved beneficial for gas-based fertilizer plants. Solids can also be transported through a pipeline when converted into slurry

Question

What are the problems being faced by the Indian railways.

Solution

The following problems are being faced by the railways:

  • Travelling without tickets -Many people travel without ticket that leads to financial loss.
  • Theft and damaging Railway property: People steal different fittings of the wagons, passenger coaches etc. some people cause damage to railway property.
  • Unnecessary Stopping of trains: Just to catch the train or for some other minor reason, people pull the chain unnecessarily.
  • Such actions delay the train in reaching its destination in time

Question

Give a brief description of National Highways in India

Solution

  • National Highways link extreme parts of the country including one state with another.
  • These are primary road systems of national importance. Therefore, these are constructed and maintained by the Central Public Works Department (CPWD) of the central government.
  • A number of major National Highways run in North-South and East West directions

Question

What is the significance of border roads?

Solution

Significance of Border roads:

  • Border Roads are very significant for the security of the country. These roads are constructed and maintained by the Border Roads Organization which is a Government of India undertaking.
  • Its helps in the security of the country because in case of necessity, army can be deployed in the sensitive border areas easily and quickly e. g. , northern and north-eastern border areas of strategic importance.
  • It has provided access in the areas of difficult terrain.
  • It helps in the economic development of the area.

Question

Give reasons for which foreign tourists visit India.

Solution

Foreign tourists visit India due to the following reasons.

  • India has been an excellent place for heritage tourism. It is rich in culture and ethnicity.
  • Many tourists come here for adventure in the mountainous regions of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, etc.
  • Southern India provides excellent opportunities for medical tourism, which attracts tourists from the world.

Question

Mention the five mail channels introduced recently to facilitate quick delivery of mails.

Solution

The following are the five mail channels:

  • Rajdhani Channel
  • Metro Channel
  • Green Channel
  • Business Channel
  • Bulk Mail Channel