NCERT Geography Class 10 Chapter 5 Manufacturing Industries India CBSE Board Sample Problems Short Answer (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Question

Explain with examples how do industries give boost to the agriculture sector?

Solution

  • The Agro Industries have given a major boost to agriculture by raising its productivity.
  • They provide irrigation pump fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, plastic and PVC pipe machines and tools to the farmers.
  • The farmers can produce more.
  • Industries help in transporting the goods produced.

Question

Why are we not able to perform to our full potential in the production of Iron and Steel in India? Explain any three reasons.

Solution

  • High cost and Limited availability of coking coal.
  • Lower productivity of labour.
  • Irregular supply of energy.
  • Poor infrastructure.

Question

What is the ideal location for Sugar Mills? Why is this industry ideally suited to the Cooperative sector?

Solution

  • Sugarcane, the raw material used in sugar industry, is bulky, and its sugar content reduces in haulage and time lag between reaping and sugar production.
  • Therefore, the ideal location for sugar mills is in close proximity of sugarcane producing areas.
  • The sugar industry is seasonal in nature and so is ideally suited to the cooperative sector. For entire year the farmers are engaged in producing sugarcane as it is an annual crop.
  • When the crop is reaped, the farmers pool together their resources, set up mills within the sugarcane producing areas and produce sugar.
  • The seasonal nature of the sugar industry is combated by setting up cooperative where farmers share the profits and losses.

Question

“The Textile Industry is the only Industry in the country which is self-reliant and complete in the value chain.” Justify the statement.

Solution

The textile industry is self-reliant and complete in value chain:

  • It contributes significantly to Industrial production (14 %)
  • Employment generation (35 million person directly-the second largest after agriculture)
  • Foreign exchange earnings (about 24.6 %)
  • It contributes 4 % towards GDP

Question

What is the contribution of manufacturing industries to the economy?

Solution

  • Manufacturing industries help in modernizing agriculture; which forms the backbone of our economy. Apart from this, manufacturing industries also reduce the heavy dependence of people on agricultural income. This becomes possible because of creation of new jobs in secondary and tertiary sectors.
  • Industrial development helps in eradication of unemployment and poverty.
  • Export of manufactured goods expands trade and commerce and brings in much needed foreign exchange.
  • A country with high level of manufacturing activities becomes prosperous.

Question

What are the locational advantages for jute production in the Hooghly basin?

Solution

Proximity of the jute producing areas, inexpensive water transport, good rail and road network, abundant water for processing raw jute and cheap labor from West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and Uttar Pradesh.

Question

What are the reasons for under performance of Iron and steel Industry in India?

Solution

  • High cost and limited availability of coking coal
  • Low productivity of labor
  • Erratic energy supply
  • Poor infrastructure

Question

What do you understand by agglomeration economy?

Solution

  • Sometimes, industries are located in or near cities.
  • Cities provide markets and also provide services like banking, insurance, transport, labor, consultants, etc.
  • Many industries tend to come together to make use of the advantages of an urban center.
  • Such cenetr is then called as agglomeration economy.

Question

Why was the cotton textile industry mostly located in Maharashtra and Gujarat?

Solution

  • This industry was earlier concentrated in the cotton belt of Maharashtra and Gujarat.
  • Availability of raw materials, port facilities, transport, labor, moist climate, etc. were in favor of these locations

Question

‘Environmental degradation has been everywhere.’ Explain any three values that can help to prevent environmental degradation.

Solution

Following values can be adopted to prevent environmental degradation:

  • Proper water management: Stress on recycling and reuse of water and proper treatment of discharged water.
  • Control air pollution: Spread awareness to install electrostatic precipitators, fabric filters in factories. Encourage use of oil and gas instead of coal.
  • Educate people for proper management of solid waste. Separate biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste and dispose accordingly. Non-biodegradable waste can be recycled and reused.

Question

Describe three major problems faced by the weaving and processing sectors in cotton textile industry.

Solution

The three major problems faced by the weaving and processing sectors in cotton textile industry are:

  • Most of the production is carried out in fragmented small units.
  • Power supply is erratic in nature.
  • Machinery used by the weavers is outdated.
  • The labour has low productivity.