NCERT History Class 10 Chapter 2 Nationalism in India CBSE Board Sample Problems Long Answers (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

Doorsteptutor material for CBSE is prepared by world's top subject experts: fully solved questions with step-by-step explanation- practice your way to success.

Question

Explain the role played by tribal peasants in the Gudem Hills of Andhra Pradesh during the Non-Cooperation Movement.

Solution

  • In the Gudem Hills of Andhra Pradesh, a militant guerrilla movement spread.
  • The colonial government prevented the people from entering the forests to graze their cattle, or to collect fuel wood and fruits.
  • This affected their traditional rights and livelihood.
  • When the tribal people were forced to do beggar for road building they were enraged. Their leader was Alluri Sitaram Raju who claimed to have a variety of special powers.
  • The rebels proclaimed that he was an incarnation of God.
  • Raju was inspired by Gandhiji and the Non – Cooperation movement.
  • He persuaded the people to wear Khadi and give up drinking.
  • But at the same time he asserted that India could only be liberated by the use of force.
  • The Gudem rebels attacked police stations, attempted to kill British officials and carried guerrilla warfare for achieving Swaraj.
  • Raju was captured and executed in 1924.

Question

How did a variety of cultural processes play an important role in the making of nationalism in India? Explain with examples.

Solution

  • This sense of collective belonging came partly through the experience of united struggles and growing anger among people against the Colonial government.
  • But there were also a variety of Cultural processes through which the Nationalism Captured people՚s imagination.
  • The identity of the nation symbolized in a figure or image of Bharat Mata created through literature, songs, paintings etc.
  • Movement to revive Indian folklore to enhance nationalist sentiments.
  • Role of icons and symbols in unifying people and inspiring in them a feeling of Nationalism.
  • Creating a feeling of Nationalism was through reinterpretation of history.

Question

Explain the effects of First World War on India.

Solution

  • The war created a new economic and political situation.
  • It led to huge increase in defense expenditure which was financed by war loans and increasing taxes, custom duties were raised and income tax was introduced.
  • Prices increased, doubling between 1913 - 18. This hit the common people.
  • Villagers were asked to supply soldiers and through force recruitment in rural areas.
  • During 1918 - 19, crops failed in many parts of India which created shortage of food.

Question

Explain any three causes that led the tribals to revolt in the Gudem Hills of Andhra Pradesh.

Solution

The tribal peasants of Gudem Hill in Andhra Pradesh fought for Swaraj and revolted against the British. The following were the causes that led the tribals to the revolt in the Gudem Hills of

Andhra Pradesh:

  • The colonial government had closed large forest areas preventing the tribals from entering the forest to graze their cattle and felt that their traditional rights were being taken away.
  • The tribal who were strongly dependent on the forests for food, fruits and fuel were prevented to carry out these activities affecting their livelihood which enraged them.
  • The government was forcing the peasants of the Gudem Hill ′ to carry out begar (unpaid work) for the building of roads.

Question

How did the peasants of Awadh use different methods to achieve their goal? Explain with examples.

Solution

  • Peasants of Awadh were led by Baba Ram Chandra, a sanyasi. The movement was against Talukdars and landlords.
  • The landlords and Talukdars demanded exorbitantly high rents and other cess, Peasantsts had to do beggar and work at Landlords՚ farms without any payment.
  • As tenants, the farmers had no security of tenure. The peasant՚s movement demanded reduction of revenue, abolition of beggar and social boycott of oppressive landlords.
  • In many places, Nai-dhobi bandhs were organized by panchayats to deprive landlords of the services of barbers and watermen.
  • Oudh Kisan Sabha was set up headed by Jawaharlal Nehru, Baba Ram Chandra and few others.
  • Within a month, over 300 branches were set up in the villages.
  • The peasants developed I forms. In 1921 the houses of Talukdars and Merchants were attacked. Bazars were looted.
  • Grains hoards were taken over.

Question

How did a variety of cultural processes play an important role in the making of nationalism in India? Explain with examples.

Solution

  • This sense of collective belonging came partly through the experience of united struggles and growing anger among people against the Colonial government.
  • But there were also a variety of Cultural processes through which the Nationalism Captured people՚s imagination.
  • The idenety of the nation symbolized in a figure or image of Bharat Mata created through literature, songs, paintings etc.
  • Movement to revive Indian folklore to enhance nationalist sentiments.
  • Role of icons and symbols in unifying people and inspiring in them a feeling of Nationalism.
  • Creating a feeling of Nationalism was through reinterpretation of history.

Question

Explain with examples the role of Industrialists in the freedom struggle of India.

Solution

  • They lent their support to the Congress in protest against the Colonial policies that restricted indigenous business enterprises.
  • They also gave financial assistance and refused to buy or sell foreign goods. They formed associations like the Indian Industrial and Commercial Congress in 1920 and FICCI in 1927.
  • They viewed Swaraj as freedom from the domination of market by foreign goods but withdrew their support when the second Round Table Congress failed.
  • They were also concerned about the rise of the socialist ideology in the Congress.
  • Purshottamdas, Thakurdas and G. D Birla attacked the Colonial control over Indian economy.

Question

“Some of the Muslims political organizations in India were lukewarm in their response to the Civil Disobedience Movement.” Examine the statement.

Solution

  • Large sections of Muslims were lukewarm in their response to the Civil Disobedience movement.
  • The decline of Khilafat and Non-cooperation movements led to alienation of Muslims from the Congress.
  • From the mid 1 920՚s, the Congress was seen to be visibly associated with Hindu nationalist groups like the Hindu Mahasabha.
  • Relations between Hindus and Muslims worsened and communal riots took place.
  • The Muslim League gained prominence with its claim of representing Muslims and demanding separate electorate for them.