NCERT History Class 10 Chapter 5 Print Culture and the Modern World CBSE Board Sample Problems Short Answer (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Question

“The production of handwritten manuscripts could not satisfy the ever increasing demand for books” . Give reasons to support your answer.

Solution

The production of handwritten manuscripts could not satisfy the ever increasing demand for books due to the following reasons.

  • Copying was an expensive, laborious and time consuming business.
  • Manuscripts were fragile, awkward to handle, and could not be carried around or read easily.
  • Their circulation therefore remained limited.

Question

Why did the new technology not entirely displace the existing art of producing books by hand?

Solution

The new technology did not entirely displace the existing art of producing books by hand as printed books at first closely resembled the written manuscripts in appearance and layout.

  • The metal letters imitated the ornamental handwritten styles.
  • Borders were illuminated by hand with foliage and other patterns, and illustrations were painted.
  • In the books printed for the rich, space for decoration was kept blank on the printed page. Each purchaser could choose the design and decide on the painting school that would do the illustrations.

Question

What was the Vernacular Press Act?

Solution

  • In 1878, the Vernacular Press Act was passed, modelled on the Irish Press Laws.
  • It gave the government rights to censor reports and editorials in the vernacular press.
  • When a report was judged as seditious, the newspaper was warned. If the warning was ignored the press could be seized and printing machinery confiscated.

Question

What was the Print Revolution?

Solution

  • The shift from hand writing to mechanical printing led to the print revolution.
  • It changed people՚s relationship to information and knowledge and with institutions and authorities.
  • It influenced people՚s perceptions and opened up new ways of looking at things.

Question

“Printed books at first closely resembled the written manuscripts in appearance and layout.” Explain.

Solution

  • The metal letters imitated the ornamental handwritten styles.
  • Borders were illuminated by hand with foliage and other patterns, and illustrations were painted.
  • In books printed for the rich, space for decoration was kept blank on the printed page and each purchaser could decide the design and painting school to do the illustrations.

Question

Briefly describe China՚s system of wood block printing.

Solution

  • From AD 594 onwards, books in China were printed by rubbing paper against the inked surface of wood blocks.
  • As, both sides of the thin porous sheet could not be printed, the traditional Chinese ‘accordion book’ was folded and stitched at the side.
  • Skilled craftsmen could duplicate with accuracy the beauty of calligraphy on the wood blocks.

Question

Describe wood block printing.

Solution

1 . Books were printed books in China as early as 594 AD by rubbing paper against the inked surface of wood blocks.

2. Marco Polo brought this art to Europe, where it became very popular.

3. By the fifteenth century, woodblock printing was being used extensively in making textiles, cards, etc.

Question

Explain any three factors responsible for the invention of new printing techniques.

Solution

Factors responsible for the development of print technology were as follows.

The production of handwritten manuscripts could not satisfy the ever increasing demand for books.

Copying was an expensive, laborious and time consuming exercise.

Manuscripts were fragile, difficult to handle and could not be cared for or read easily.

Wood-block printing was popular but there was a need for quicker and cheaper reproduction of texts.