NCERT Politics Science Class 10 Chapter 1 Power Sharing CBSE Board Sample Problems Short Answer (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Question

Power sharing is the very spirit of democracy. Justify the statement with suitable examples.

Solution

  • Prudential reason-sharing power helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups and reduce violence and political instability. Power sharing is good way to ensure the stability of political order.
  • Moral reasons- In democracy power sharing is necessary since all the people are affected by the policies of the government they should be consulted in the governance of the country, they should be allowed to participate in the process of democracy.
  • It is its very spirit where citizens participate and acquire a stake in the system

Question

What do you mean by power sharing?

Solution

  • Power sharing means sharing power and responsibilities with the one affected by its exercise.
  • It is a term used to describe a system of governance where different levels and organs of society operate with a permanent share of power.
  • In other words it is the system of making diversities a part in decision making.

Question

Why is power sharing necessary in democracy? Explain

Solution

The two main reasons are:

  • Prudential Reasons: These lay emphasis on better outcomes of power sharing:
    • Power sharing helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between the social groups. Thus, it ensures the stability of Political order.
    • Its absence results into imposition of will by majority community, which undermines the unity of the nation.
  • Moral Reasons: These stress on power sharing as a valuable act because
    • It is the very spirit of democracy.
    • A democratic rule involves it with those affected by its exercise and who have to live with its effects.
  • A legitimate government is the one where citizens acquire a role in the system through participation.

Question

Mention any three steps taken by the Sri Lankan government to achieve Majoritarianism.

Solution

  • In 1956 an Act was passed under which English was replaced as the country՚s official Language not by the Sinhala and Tamil but the Sinhala only.
  • The government followed preferential policies that favored the Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs.
  • A new constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism.

Question

Explain the principle of federal division of power.

Solution

  • Under the federal divisions of power the power is divided among different levels of government.
  • This type of system is known as vertical division of power.
  • Under this the Constitution clearly lays down the power of each level of government.

Question

Why is power sharing necessary in democracy? Explain

Solution

1-Prudential reasons:

  • Prudential reasons are based on careful calculations of gains and losses.
  • Prudential reasons help to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups.
  • Prudential reasons are good way to ensure political stability.
  • Imposing the will of majority community over the minority undermines the unity of the nation.

2-Moral reasons:

  • Power sharing is the basic spirit of democracy.
  • A democracy government is chosen by the people. So, the people have the right to be consulted.
  • Decentralization of power

Question

Mention any three steps taken by the Sri Lankan government to achieve Majoritarianism.

Solution

  • In 1956 an Act was passed under which English was replaced as the country՚s official Language not by the Sinhala and Tamil but the Sinhala only.
  • The government followed preferential policies that favoured the Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs.
  • A new constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism.
  • Denial of citizenship to estate Tamils. (Any Three)

Question

Explain any three elements of the Belgium model of power sharing.

Solution

  • Equal number of ministers for both the groups.
  • More power to state governments.
  • Equal representation at the state and the central level.
  • Formation of community government

Question

Do you think that the steps taken by Shri Lankan Government to establish the supremacy of Sinhalas were justified be long lasting? Give your view point.

Solution

The steps taken by the Sri Lankan government to establish Sinhalas՚ supremacy cannot be justified as long lasting because of the following reasons.

  • These steps ignored the interests of a minority community.
  • Even the basic rights were not given to them.
  • Discrimination based on religion and language further deprived other communities in Sri Lanka.
  • Repeated denial of the demands further developed distrust and ignited the situation that resulted in a civil war causing terrible setback to Sri Lankan social, cultural and economic life.

Question

‘Sharing of powers makes a country more powerful and united’ . Justify the statement.

Solution

  • Sharing of power makes a country more powerful and united because of the following reasons.
  • Power sharing ensures that all people have stake in government.
  • Power sharing ensures maximum participation.
  • It upholds the concept of people՚s rule.
  • It always brings better outcomes in democracy.
  • It ensures the political stability in democracy.
  • Power sharing accommodates diverse groups.
  • It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups.