NCERT Politics Science Class 10 Chapter 2 Gender, Religion and Caste CBSE Board Sample Problems Short Answer (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Question

How has communalism pose a threat to democracy?

Solution

  • The basic idea behind communalism is that religion practiced by one՚s own community is placed above other religions.
  • This idea can never be favourable to Indian democracy where we found several religion. Communalism poses a great threat to our democracy in the following ways -
  • It always leads to violence and riots.
  • Even human rights are threatened by communalism.
  • It distorts the secular values of the country.
  • It can disintegrate a country.

Question

How does religion influence the political setup in our country? Explain

Solution

  • Religion in politics is not as dangerous as it seems to us.
  • Ethical values of each other՚s religion can play a major role in politics. As a member of any religious community people should expect the political maturity.
  • The political leaders should regulate the practice so that there is no discrimination and obsession.

Question

How can relationship between politics and religion beneficial and problematic at the same time? Explain.

Solution

  • Beneficial influence of religion-It can make politics value-based. Religious communities can politically express their needs and interest.
  • Political authority can monitor all religious discrimination and operation Problematic religion can become the base for the development of nationalist sentiments which can lead to conflicts.
  • Political parties will try to make political gains by pitting one group against other. State power may be used to establish the domination of one religious group over another.

Question

Why is communal thinking flawed?

Solution

  • People of one religion do not have the same interests and aspirations.
  • There are many voices inside every community. All these voices have a right to be heard.
  • Therefore, any attempt to bring all followers of one religion together in context other than religion is bound to suppress many voices within that community.

Question

What are some negative aspects of caste in politics?

Solution

  • Caste politics lead to tension and violence.
  • Politics based on caste identity alone is not a healthy feature in a democracy.
  • It can divert attention from other pressing issues like poverty. Illiteracy, corruption etc.

Question

What are the various forms that caste can take in politics?

Solution

  • When candidates are chosen for a constituency the caste composition of the area is kept in mind and then candidates are nominated who can win the election.
  • Political parties make appeals to the caste sentiments of the electorate.
  • Caste has become an important factor of political parties.

Question

Elaborate on the political representation of women in India?

Solution

  • In India the proportion of women in legislature has been very low.
  • For example the percentage of elected women numbers in the Lok Sabha has never reached even ten percent of its total strength.
  • There share in the state assemblies is less than five percent.
  • However in the local government women are well represented as they enjoy reservation of one third of total seats.

Question

What do you mean by sexual division of labour?

Solution

  • Sexual division of labour refers to the division of work between the men and women.
  • Work inside the house such as cooking, tailoring, washing, cleaning are believed to be exclusively done by women while the men do all the work outside the house.
  • The sexual division of labour does not mean that men cannot do household works. When these jobs are paid for, men are ready to take up those jobs. For example most tailors and cooks in the hotel are men.
  • Also women in rural as well as urban households move outside their homes for various activities. Therefore we cannot accept such sexual division of labour.

Question

Explain how the proper representation of women in legislature can solve the problem of gender-based discrimination in India.

Solution

The proper representation of women is legislature can solve the problem of gender-based discrimination in the following ways.

  • Proper representation of women in legislature will result in more women- friendly laws.
  • Better policing will help in greater security for women and better law enforcement.
  • Seeing women in positions of decision-making is reassuring women empowerment, which helps to improve their image.

Question

Mention any three constitutional provisions that make India a secular state.

Solution

The constitutional provisions which make India a ‘secular state’ are as follows.

  • The Constitution of India does not give special recognition to any religion and there is no state religion in India, unlike, Christianity in America, and Buddhism in Sri Lanka.
  • All individuals and communities have been given freedom to practise, profess and propagate any religion.
  • The Constitution of India has put a ban on any discrimination on the grounds of religion.
  • According to the constitution, the state cannot intervene in the matters of religion to promote religious equality.

Question

How can religion be used in politics in a positive manner? Express your view point.

Solution

Politics and religion can be a deadly combination if not used wisely. It should be for the good of the people rather than used as a weapon to settle scores. Religion can be used in politics in a positive manner in the following ways.

  • Politics should be guided by the ethics and values of religion.
  • We should raise our demands as a religious community but not at the cost of other religions.
  • Political leaders should also ensure that religion is not used as a medium of oppression and discrimination. They should have equal response to different religious conflicts or demands.