NCERT Politics Science Class 10 Chapter 3 Political Parties CBSE Board Sample Problems Short Answer (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Question

Why is it not possible for all the countries of the world to have the same party system, i.e.. single two or multi part system?

Solution

  • Party system is not something any country can choose.
  • It evolves over a long time depending on the nature of society, its social and regional divisions, its history of politics and its system of elections.
  • Each country develops a party system that is conditioned by the special circumstances. No system is ideal for all countries and all situations.

Question

The rise of political parties is directly linked to the emergence of representative democracy. Justify the statement.

Solution

  • As societies become large and complex they need some agency to get the different views on various issues and to present this to the government.
  • They need some way to bring various representatives together so that a responsible government could be formed.
  • They need a mechanism to support or restrain the government to make policies justify or oppose them.

Question

Political parties are indispensable institutions in democracy. Justify

Solution

  • If there are no political parties, every candidate in the election will be independent, so no one will be able to make any promise to the people about any major policy changes
  • The government may be formed but its utility will remain uncertain.
  • Elected representatives will be accountable to their constituency for what they do in the locality. But no one will be responsible for how the country runs.

Question

How have political parties been instrumental in shaping public opinion?

Solution

  • Political parties raise and highlight issues
  • Parties have lakhs of members and activists spread all over the country.
  • Many of the pressure groups are the extension of political parties among different sections of the society.
  • Party sometimes also launch movements for the resolution of problems faced by the people.

Question

How do money and muscle power play an important role in elections? Explain.

Solution

Nowadays elections are focused mainly on winning at any cost so parties try to use short-cuts like money and muscle power.

  • They try to select or nominate those candidates who can raise money or provide muscle power.
  • Sometimes, wealthy people and big companies also get involved in the democratic politics for their own interest and influence decision-making process.
  • In many cases, candidates with criminal records, who can win elections, are supported.

Question

What is a multiparty system? Why has India adopted a multiparty system? Explain.

Solution

  • A multiparty system is a political system in which several parties contest the election to hold political power.
  • In this system, there is a chance of two or more parties coming to power.
  • This system also advocates coalition government and alliance politics. India adopted a multiparty system because of the following reasons.
  • India is blessed with tremendous social and geographical diversity. This diversity cannot be easily accommodated in one or two political parties.
  • Beca use of multiparty system, variety of interests and opinions enjoy political representation.

Question

Write about the main features of the BJP.

Solution

  • It was founded in 1980 by reviving the Bharatiya Jana Sangh.
  • Cultural nationalism or Hindutva is an important element in its beliefs.
  • Wants a uniform civil code for all religions and a ban on religious conversions.
  • Is currently the ruling party at the Centre and a member of the National Democratic Alliance?

Question

Briefly describe the features of the Indian National Congress.

Solution

  • It is one of the oldest parties in the world, founded in 1 885.
  • A Centrist Party, it supports secularism, welfare of weaker sections and minorities.
  • Led the freedom movement and was the ruling party at the
  • Centre for many decades after Independence.
  • Is a member of United Progressive Alliance

Question

What are the three kinds of Party systems?

Solution

  • Some countries allow only one party to control and run the government. These are called one-party systems.
    • Eg. In China only Communist Party is allowed to rule.
  • In some countries many parties may exist, but only two main parties have a serious chance of winning majority of seats and forming the government. This is called a two-party system.
    • Eg. USA and United Kingdom.
  • If many parties contest elections and more than two parties have a chance of coming to power alone or in alliance with other parties, it is called a multi-party system.
    • Eg. India

Question

What is a political party? Mention its main components.

Solution

  • A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and form the government if they win the election.
  • Parties reflect fundamental divisions in society and are about a part of society. Thus they involve partisanship. A party is known by which part it stands for, which policies it supports and whose interests it supports.
  • Its main components are: the leaders, the active members and the followers.

Question

Name six National Political Parties of India.

Solution

  • Indian National Congress
  • Bharatiya Janata Party
  • Bahujan Samaj Party
  • Communist Party of India
  • Communist Party of India (Marxist)
  • Nationalist Congress Party