NCERT Politics Science Class 10 Chapter 4 Federalism CBSE Board Sample Problems Short Answer (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Question

Independence of the judiciary is the key to the success of federalism. Examine the statement.

Solution

  • Judiciary with the Supreme Court at the apex is the soul interpreter of Indian Constitution.
  • It plays a pivotal role in the implementation of constitutional provisions and procedures. Judiciary administers both the Union and State laws which are applicable to the cases coming up for adjudication.
  • The dispute about the division of powers are settled by the Judiciary . Judiciary is considered as the guardian of the India n federalism

Question

“Indian Constitution has a unitary bias” . Support the statement by one example.

Solution

  • The power sharing arrangement between the union and the state given in the constitution of India clearly distributes power between the two. In the sense, it is federal but the system becomes unitary when the residuary power rests with the union.
  • The Constitution did not use the word ‘Federation’ but it has the division of powers into a three - tier system of the central government, the state government and the local governments.
  • Each level of the government has its own jurisdiction to legislate. But we have a centralized federation in which Union government carries more powers than the state governments.
  • Union government has 97 subjects, whereas State as well as
  • Concurrent lists have less number of subjects.

Question

What are the advantages of decentralization in democracy? Identify any two reasons.

Solution

  • When power is taken away from central and state government and given to local government it is called decentralization.
  • The basic idea behind the decentralization that there are a large number of problems and issues which are best settled at the local level. People have better knowledge of problems in their localities
  • They also have better ideas on where to send money and how to manage things more efficiently
  • Besides at the local level it is possible for the people to directly participate in decision making. This helps to inculcate a habit of democratic participation.

Question

Write a brief note on village councils

Solution

  • Village councils looked after the affairs of the village, police and judicial powers and were the lines of the contact in higher authorities on matters affecting the villages.
  • Custom and religion elevated them to a sacred position of authority.
  • These councils were the pivot of administration, the Center of social life and above all a focus of social solidarity.

Question

Write a brief note on the language policy adopted in India.

Solution

  • The language policy was the second test for Indian federation.
  • No Language was given the status of national language by our constitution. Hindi was identified as the official language.
  • But only about forty percent of Indian have Hindi as their mother tongue.
  • Therefore 21 other languages besides Hindi are recognized as schedule languages by the constitution. A candidate in any examination conducted for the central government position may opt to take the examination in any of these languages.

Question

What do you mean by a Unitary Political system? Does Sri Lanka have a federal political system? What is the major demand of Tamil leaders in Sri Lanka?

Solution

  • In a Unitary political system, the National government has all the powers in it՚s hands
  • Sri Lanka has a Unitary political system
  • Tamil Leaders want Sri Lanka to become a truly federal system.

Question

When did Belgium shift from a Unitary to a federal form of Government? Why?

Solution

  • In 1993 Belgium shifted from a Unitary to a Federal form of Government.
  • It happened because the regional government was given constitutional powers and they were no longer dependent on the Central government.

Question

Define the term federalism.

Solution

  • Federalism is a system of government in which the power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units of the country.
  • Both these level of the government the central and the state — enjoy their powers independent of each other.

Question

What other factors besides politics keep the federations united?

Solution

Besides politics other factors that keep federations united are:

  • Power sharing arrangements between the central and state governments
  • Independent role of judiciary.
  • Language ethnicity.
  • Response to conflicting claims.
  • Active participation of the people.

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