NCERT Politics Science Class 10 Chapter 5 Outcomes of Democracy CBSE Board Sample Problems Short Answer (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Question

List the various aspects and qualifications which helps in giving a clear definition of democracy.

Solution

  • The rulers are elected by the people must take all major decisions.
  • Elections must offer a choice and fair opportunity to be people to change the existing rulers.
  • Choice and opportunity should be available on equal basis.
  • Power-sharing is the spirit of democracy and it is necessary between government and social groups in a democracy.

Question

Explain any three merits of democratic governments over dictatorship.

Solution

The following are the three merits of democratic governments over dictatorship.

  • Democracy conducts regular, free and fair elections, promotes equality among citizens and allows room to correct mistakes. In a dictatorship, the leader comes to power after a show of force and people are relegated to secondary positions.
  • In democracy, decision-making is slow but is based on the needs and aspirations of the citizens. Decisions are taken after deliberation and negotiations. In a dictatorship, rulers do not have to consider about deliberations and assemblies or think about public opinion.
  • Democratic government is a legitimate government, elected by the people (where everyone enjoys the right to vote) . It is people՚s own government. These factors are missing in a dictatorship.

Question

Explain any three common features of democracies.

Solution

The following are the three common features of democracies.

  • Regular elections: In a democratic government, the general elections are held to elect a new government.
  • Right to vote: All the citizens of the country, of and above a certain age, have the right to vote.
  • Political parties: Political parties are an essential part of democracy. They put up candidates who contest the election.
  • Rule of law: Another common feature of all democracies is that it ensures rule of law. Law is supreme and all the citizens are equal in the eyes of law. No one is above the law.

Question

What are the two conditions necessary to ensure that democracy accommodates social diversity?

Solution

  • It is necessary to understand that democracy is not simply rule by majority opinion. The majority always needs to work with the minority so that governments function to represent the general view.
  • It is also necessary that rule by majority does not become rule by majority community in terms of religion or race or linguistic group, etc.
  • Rule by majority means that in case of every decision or in case of every election, different persons and groups may and can form a majority.

Question

Why is a democratic government referred to as a legitimate government?

Solution

  • A democratic government is called legitimate government because it is people՚s own government.
  • There is great popular support for the idea of democracy all over the world.
  • People wish to be ruled by representatives elected by them.
  • Democratic government is attentive to the needs and demands of the people.

Question

What is the relationship between democracy and economic growth of a country?

Solution

  • During the last 50 years dictatorships have shown slightly higher rate of economic growth compared to democracies.
  • But there are many other factors that determine that economic growth of a country like- population size, global situation, cooperation from other countries, economic priorities adopted by the country etc.
  • So even when there is nominal difference in the rate of economic growth between countries under dictatorship and democracy, it is better to prefer democracy as it has several other positive outcomes like dignity and freedom of citizens.

Question

What are the reasonable outcomes that one may expect from democracy?

Solution

  • A democratic government can be expected to be accountable, responsive and a legitimate government.
  • Democracy accommodates social diversity and ensures peace and harmony in society.
  • Democracy promotes the dignity and freedom of the individual.

Question

Why is a democratic government referred to as accountable, responsive and legitimate?

Solution

  • A democratic government develops mechanism for citizens to take part in decision-making process. For this free and fair elections, open debate on major policies, legislation and right to information are there in good democracies. Therefore democracies are called accountable governments.
  • Democracy is a responsive government. It is responsive towards the needs and expectations of the citizens. It makes policies for the welfare of the citizens.
  • A democratic government is a legitimate government. It is elected by the people and people wish to be ruled by the representatives elected by them.

Question

How can we measure democracy on the basis of expected outcomes?

Solution

To measure a democracy on the basis of its expected outcomes we have to observe the following practices and institutions:

  • In a democracy there should be free and fair elections.
  • There should be open criticism and debate on major policies and legislations.
  • Citizens should have the right to information about the functioning of government

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