NCERT Class 4 Social Science Solutions the Coastal Plains and Islands Part 2 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Match the following

Match Port with State Question
List IList II
HaldiaOrissa
KandlaMaharashtra
EnnoreWest Bengal
ParadeepTamil Nadu
Jawaharlal Nehru portGujarat

Ans:

Match Port with State
List IList II
HaldiaWest Bengal
KandlaGujarat
EnnoreTamil Nadu
ParadeepOrissa
Jawaharlal Nehru portMaharashtra

Short Answer:

Q 1. What are Lagoons? In which part of the coastal regions lagoons are found?

Answer:

  • When the sand bars in the coasts enclose water, they form lakes called lagoons.
    • These lagoons are also called backwaters.
    • Lagoons are found in the Malabar Coast of the Western Coastal Plains.

Q 2. What difference do you observe between the eastern and Western coast of India?

Answer:

  • Differences between the eastern and Western coastal plains are
    • The Western coastal plain is narrow and the Eastern coastal plain is broad.
    • The rivers on the eastern coastal plain form delta.

Q 3. Name the parts of the eastern Coastal plains and western Coastal Plains. Describe the part where the biggest port of India is located?

Answer:

  • Parts of the Eastern Coastal Plains are
    • Northern Circars
    • Coromondal Coast
  • Parts of the Western Coastal Plains are
    • Gujarat Coast
    • Konkan Coast
    • Malabar Coast
  • The biggest sea port of India is Mumbai.
    • Mumbai port is located on the Konkan Coast.
    • The Konkan Coast extends from Gujarat coast up to Goa.
    • It is a very narrow plain with rocky uneven surface. Light houses have been built along the coast warning ships for the hidden rock below the water.
    • Light houses are towers in or near the sea sending out beams of light for guiding the ships.
    • Ships from all over the world come to Mumbai.
    • Mumbai High which is famous for oil and natural gas is located off this coast.