NCERT Class 4 Social Science Solutions The Coastal Plains and Islands Part 2

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Match the following

Match Port with State Question
Match port with state question

List I

List II

Haldia

Orissa

Kandla

Maharashtra

Ennore

West Bengal

Paradeep

Tamil Nadu

Jawaharlal Nehru port

Gujarat

Ans:

Match Port with State
Match port with state

List I

List II

Haldia

West Bengal

Kandla

Gujarat

Ennore

Tamil Nadu

Paradeep

Orissa

Jawaharlal Nehru port

Maharashtra

Short Answer:

Q 1. What are Lagoons? In which part of the coastal regions lagoons are found?

Answer:

When the sand bars in the coasts enclose water, they form lakes called lagoons.

  • These lagoons are also called backwaters.

  • Lagoons are found in the Malabar Coast of the Western Coastal Plains.

Q 2. What difference do you observe between the eastern and Western coast of India?

Answer:

Differences between the eastern and Western coastal plains are

  • The Western coastal plain is narrow and the Eastern coastal plain is broad.

  • The rivers on the eastern coastal plain form delta.

Q 3. Name the parts of the eastern Coastal plains and western Coastal Plains. Describe the part where the biggest port of India is located?

Answer:

  • Parts of the Eastern Coastal Plains are

    • Northern Circars

    • Coromondal Coast

  • Parts of the Western Coastal Plains are

    • Gujarat Coast

    • Konkan Coast

    • Malabar Coast

  • The biggest sea port of India is Mumbai.

    • Mumbai port is located on the Konkan Coast.

    • The Konkan Coast extends from Gujarat coast up to Goa.

    • It is a very narrow plain with rocky uneven surface. Light houses have been built along the coast warning ships for the hidden rock below the water.

    • Light houses are towers in or near the sea sending out beams of light for guiding the ships.

    • Ships from all over the world come to Mumbai.

    • Mumbai High which is famous for oil and natural gas is located off this coast.