NCERT Class 4 Social Science Solutions The Northern Mountains

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Multiple Choices

Q 1. Himalaya means …………………………………………..

a. The blue mountain

b. The abode of snow

c. The highest mountain

d. The forest mountain

Answer: b

Q 2. Find the incorrect statement.

a. Glaciers are the rivers of ice.

b. Greater Himalaya is the highest mountain range

c. Mt. K2 is located in Nepal

d. Shiwalik range has a huge forested area

Answer: c

Q 3. Who was the first Indian woman to reach Mt Everest?

a. Junko Tabei

b. Bachendri Pal

c. Alison Hargreaves

d. Melissa Arnot

Answer: b

Q 4. The lowest range of Himalayas is called................

a. The Greater Himalaya

b. The Lesser Himalaya

c. Himadri

d. Shiwaliks

Answer: d

Q 5. Which of the following rivers does not originate in Himalayas?

a. Indus

b. Ganga

c. Yamuna

d. Godavari

Answer: d

Q 6. Find the animal that belongs to the northern mountain?

a.

Yak

Yak

Yak

b.

Elephant

Elephant

Elephant

c.

Deer

Deer

Deer

d.

Camel

Camel

Camel

Answer: a

Short Answer:

Q 1. Look at the following image. What type of cultivation is it? Why such type of farming is practiced in mountainous regions?

Farming is practiced in mountainous region

Type of Cultivation

Farming is practiced in mountainous region

Answer:

The agriculture shown in the image is called terrace farming.

  • This type of farming is practiced in mountainous regions to prevent soil erosion.

  • Terraces made in the hill slopes help to hold water and prevent water flowing down fast.

  • Consequently, this protects the land from getting eroded.

Q 2. Look at the image. Who are they? How are they famous?

Answer:

The two persons shown in the picture are Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay of India (from the left to right).

They were the first who succeeded in reaching the summit of Mt Everest in 1953.

Q 3. What is a mountain pass? Name any four Mountain passes that are found in Himalayas.

Answer:

A pass is a narrow passage through the mountains.

Shipki La and Bara Lacha La in Himachal Pradesh, Nathu La in Sikkim, and Bomdi La in Arunachal Pradesh are some such passes.

Q 4. What are doons? Give an example.

Answer:

These valleys between the middle and lower Himalayas are called as Doons.

Derha Dun is an example of a Doon.

Q 5. How are the mountain Himalayas important to us? Give reason for your answer.

Answer:

The Northern Mountain is important to us because -

  • The Himalayas act like a natural wall on the northern border of the country.

  • The Himalayas also protect us from the cold winds blowing from the north.

  • The Himalayas check the rain bearing monsoon wind and cause rainfall in various parts of our country.

  • Many dams have been built in the Himalayan Rivers which provide electricity and irrigate agricultural lands.

  • The thick forests of the Himalayas are the home of wild animals.

  • The forests provide us with wood for industries and herbs with medicinal value