NCERT Class 4 Social Science Solutions The Northern Plains

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Multiple Choices

Q 1. The rivers Son and Ghagra are tributaries of the river

a. Ganga

b. Brahmaputra

c. Indus

d. Mahanadi

Answer: a

Q 2. Which of the following rivers joins Ganga from its left bank?

a. Chambal

b. Yamuna

c. Son

d. Kosi

Answer: d

Q 3. Which among the following regions is known as the ‘Food Bowl of India’?

a. Northern Plains

b. Northern Mountains

c. Peninsular plateau

d. Coastal Plains

Answer: a

Q 4. Jute is mainly grown in ………………………

a. Assam and Bihar

b. Bihar and Uttar Pradesh

c. Bihar and West Bengal

d. Punjab and Haryana

Answer: c

Q 5. The river Brahmaputra is known as ‘Tsangpo’ in ………………………..

a. Upper Assam

b. Arunachal Pradesh

c. Tibet

d. Bangladesh

Answer: c

Short Answer:

Q 1. Northern Plains region is one of the most populous regions of the world. Give reason.


The Northern Plains region is one of the most populous regions of the world due to the following reasons.

  • Northern Plains have very fertile land. People engaged in agriculture always search for fertile land

  • This region is flat and ideal for transportation and people prefer to live in such areas.

  • Good amount of rainfall and abundant water supply from the rivers throughout the year are some of the other reasons for high population in the Northern Plains.

Q 2. Name the crop shown in the images. Name the states in which the crop is grown extensively.


The crop shown in the image is wheat.

  • It is grown extensively Punjab and Haryana.

  • These two states are known as the ‘wheat basket of India’.

  • Wheat is also grown in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, etc.

Q 3. What is a delta? Name the delta formed by the river Ganga and Brahmaputra. Why is it famous? Answer:

A delta is low lying flat land near the sea where the river deposits its sediment.

  • Here the river is divided into many small streams known as distributaries.

  • The delta formed by Ganga and Brahmaputra is known as Sunderban delta.

  • Sunderban delta is the world’s largest delta.

  • Varieties of plants and animals are found in this area.

  • Sundari trees, the famous mangrove trees and Royal Bengal Tigers are found in Sundarban.

Q 4. Name four major industries set up in the Northern plains. Why do you think northern plains region is an ideal location for setting up industries?


Industries like iron and steel, leather, cement, paper, jute, hosiery, etc. have been set up in Northern plains.

Northern Plains region is ideal for setting up industries due to the following region

  • This is has fertile soil which help in growing various crops.

  • Hence, this area is ideal for setting up agro based industries such as jute, paper, sugar, cotton, etc.

  • It is easy to construct a large network of roads and railways as the land is flat.

  • Good Transport facilities are essential for establishment of industries.

Q 5. Describe two major problems associated with the Northern Plains.


Two problems associated with the Northern Plains are

  • There is very heavy rainfall in this region.

  • The river overflows its bank every summer causing floods.

  • The industries around the river Ganga are polluting the environment.

  • The industries release industrial wastes into the river making the mighty river polluted.

Colour and label the Northern Plain region in the following map

Nothern plains

Nothern Plains

Nothern plains