Social Science Major Test 04 7thWith Answer and Solution Part 3 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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27. State the powers and functions of state legislature.

Ans.

Powers and functions of State Legislature

  • The State Legislatures make laws on the 66 subjects given in the State List and 47 Subjects given in the Concurrent List. Subject of state list include land revenue, agriculture, public health.
  • It passes the Money Bills and the Budget. The Legislative Assembly alone has the power to introduced Money Bills.
  • (iii) It may approve the Ordinances, which have been issued by the Governor when the Legislative Assembly is not in Session.

28. Define the following terms

(a) Focus

(b) Epicenter

(c) Seismograph.

Ans.

  • Focus - The point where the earthquake originates inside the earth is called the focus. Earthquake vibrations spread out in all directions from the focus.
  • Epicenter - The point on the earth՚s surface which is directly above the focus is called the epicenter. This place experiences the most damage, during an earthquake.
  • Seismograph - Earthquake tremors are recorded by an instrument called Seismograph. The magnitude or intensity of an earthquake is measured by the Richter Scale. The numbers on this scale range from 0 to 9. Earthquakes of magnitude 7 or above are very destructive and cause heavy damage to life and property.

Section-C

29. Explain the Provincial administration of Akbar.

Ans. Provincial administration

  • For administrative purpose, Akbar divided his empire into provinces called Subas. These Subas were under the control of provincial governors called Subedars and Sipahsalars.
  • The Subas or provinces were further divided into districts called Sarkar՚s.
  • The districts were sub-divided into smaller units called Parganas, which were under Faujdars.
  • Each Pargana had a number of villages. The Muqaddam and Patwari looked after village administration.

30. Write a short note on rise of East Indian Company.

Ans. Rise of East India Company

  • The English had developed three major trading centers at Mumbai (Bombay) , Kolkata (Calcutta) and Chennai (Madras) . But the East India Company could not major much advance till the death of Aurangzeb in 1707.
  • The French had also formed the French East India Company in 1664.
  • After the Battle of Plassey in 1757 the English-became the leading power in India.
  • The Great Uprising of 1857 resulted in the transfer of power from the East India Company to the British Crown.
  • The last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah was imprisoned and exiled to Rangoon, where he died in 1862.

31. What are the powers of the Chief Minister?

Ans. Powers of the Chief Minister

  • Formation of the Cabinet: The other ministers are appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister.
  • Allocation of Departments: The Chief Minister may assign any department to any of the ministers. He can ask any minister at any time to resign.
  • Head of the Council of Ministers: The Chief Minister presides over the meetings of the Cabinet.
  • Leader of the Legislative Assembly: The Chief Minister is the Leader of the Legislative Assembly. The Speaker of the Legislative Assembly prepares schedule of meetings of the Assembly in consultation with the Chief Minister.
  • Principle Advisor to the Governor: The Governor appoints various officials on the advice of the Chief Minister.
  • A link between the Governor and the Council of Ministers: Chief Minister communicates to the Governor and takes all decisions of the Council of Ministers.

32. Differentiate between warm currents and cold currents.

Ans. Differentiate between warm currents and cold currents.

Differentiate between Warm Currents and Cold Currents
Warm currentsCold currents
1. Warm currents flow from the equatorial regions.1. Cold currents flow from the polar regions
2. Their temperature is a few degrees higher than the temperature of the surrounding waters2. Their temperature is a few degrees lower than the temperature of the surrounding waters.
3. Warm currents raise the temperature of the coastal areas.3. Cold currents reduce the temperature of the coastal areas.
4. Winds passing over warm currents absorb a good deal of moisture and bring heavy rainfall in the coastal areas.4. Winds passing over cold currents become dry and cool and bring little rain in coastal areas.
5. Warm currents are of great help to navigation because they melt the icebergs.5. Cold currents hinder navigation because they create icebergs.

33. Write down positive effect of mid-day meal.

Ans. Positive effects of the mid-day meal programme

  • This programme has had many positive effects. These include the fact that more poor children have begun enrolling and regularly attending school.
  • Teachers reported that earlier children would often go home for lunch and then not return to school but now with the midday meal being provided in school, their attendance has improved.
  • Their mothers, who earlier had to interrupt their work to feed their children at homering the day, now no longer to do so.
  • This programme has also helped reduce caste prejudices because both lower and upper caste children in the school eat this meal together, and in quite a few places, Dalit women have been employed to cook the meal.
  • The midday meal programme also helps reduce the hunger of poor students who often come to school and cannot concentrate because their stomachs are empty.

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