Social Science Major Test 04 7thWith Answer and Solution Part 4

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34. Write a short note on Ahom’s.

Ans. The Ahom’s –

  • The Ahom’s ruled the present day, Assam for about 600 years, from 1228 to 1826.

  • The Ahom’s migrated to the Brahmaputra valley in about the thirteenth Century from the present-day Myanmar.

  • Sukapha was the first Ahom king who established a small kingdom in Assam in A.D. 1228.

  • The Ahom’s subjected some tribes and expanded their territory.

  • During wars, they served in the army.

  • But in peace time, they were engaged in useful works like building dams, laying irrigation schemes and doing other public works of utility.

  • It were the Ahom’s who introduced new methods of rice growing.

  • The Ahom’s state depended upon forced labour. Those were forced to work for the states were called ‘paiks.’

  • Ahom Society was divided into clans on Khels.

  • One of the greatest achievements of the Ahom rulers was to stem the tide of the Mughal expansion.

  • The Mughals made repeated attempts to conquer Assam but without any success.

  • At last in 1661 Aurangzeb deputed Mir Jumla to conquer Assam.

  • In 1662 the Mughal army under Mir Jumla defeated the Ahom’s.

  • The Ahom’s followed their traditional religion and spoke the Tai Language.

  • With the passage of time they adopted the Assamese Language and were converted to Hinduism.

  • During the reign of the Ahom king Sib Singh (1714-1744) Hinduism became the predominant religion.

  • Historical works, known as Buranjis were also written - first in Ahom language and then in Assamese.

Section-D

35. On a map of India mark the following –

(a) Kandla

(b) Haldia

(c) Tuticorin

(d) Kochi

(e) Vishakhapatnam

Ans.

Map of India

Map of India

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Map of India

Map of India

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