Benefits of Garlic: Introduction to Garlic, Growth and Conditions (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Introduction to Garlic

  • Garlic or Allium satvium is a species of the genus Allium.
  • It is an herb which i9s grown throughout the world.
  • The close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and Chinese onion.
  • Garlic was known to the ancient Egyptians and has been used as a food flavoring in cooking and as a traditional medicine.
  • It is widely grown in Central Asia and Iran.
  • A chemical allicin produced by Garlic gives it a strong smell.
  • It also contains many cloves with an average height and diameter of 2 inches.
  • Central Asia is the main center of garlic biodiversity with at least 120 cultivars originating.

Growth and Conditions

  • Garlic grows under low temperatures.
  • Temperate climates are ideal for growth.
  • Well drained loamy soil is suitable.
  • Ideal months for plantation are August to November.
  • They are harvested within 4 to 5 months and the bulbs are then dried to increase their shelf life.
Growth and Conditions

Types of Garlic

Types of Garlic

Soft Neck Garlic

  • This garlic has soft skin and a creamy white colour.
  • It can be easily found in the market and is also the most common type of garlic.

Silver Garlic

This garlic contains a pink tint on its outer sheath with a very pungent aroma.

Silver Garlic

Artichoke Garlic

It contains a large and fewer cloves with a mild Flavour.

Artichoke Garlic

Hard Neck Garlic

It consists of a purple outer sheath with a hard, woody stalk.

Hard Neck vs Soft Neck Garlic

Benefits of Garlic

  • It helps in stabilizing the blood pressure.
  • It helps in lowering cholesterol.
  • It further reduces the Risk of Cardiovascular Diseases.
  • It may also improve bone health.
  • Helps in the regulation of blood sugar.
  • It relieves Intestinal Ailments.
  • It helps in detoxifying heavy metals in the body.
  • It strengthens the immune system of the body.

Subspecies and Varieties

A. Sativum Var. Ophioscorodon (Link) Doll

  • This is called as Ophioscorodon, or hard-necked garlic.
  • This includes porcelain garlics, rocambole garlic and purple stripe garlics.
  • It may also be a separate species, Allium Ophioscorodon G. Don.

A. Sativum Var. Sativum, or Soft-Necked Garlic

This includes artichoke garlic, silver skin garlic and creole garlic.


Q 1. What are the three types of garlic?


Soft neck garlic, Hard neck garlic, Silver garlic and Artichoke garlic are the four types of garlic.

Q 2. What are the bad effects of garlic?


Some of the bad effect6s of garlic are:

i) Garlic can cause bad breath.

ii) It can cause a burning sensation in the mouth and the stomach.

iii) It may also lead to heartburn, gas, nausea, vomiting, body odour, and diarrhea.

Q 3. How much garlic one should take in a day?


A normal dose of 600 to 1,200 mg per day is preferred.

Q 4. Howe does garlic help in detoxifying the heavy metals in the body.


The Sulphur compounds present in garlic protect the body against heavy metal toxicity.

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