Frogs and Toads: Introduction to Frogs and Their Characteristics

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Introduction to Frogs

  • A frog is any member of a diverse and carnivorous group of short-bodied.

  • It includes tailless amphibians composing the order Anura (without tail in Ancient Greek).

  • Frogs usually have moist slimy skin.

  • Frog eggs are found in a mass.

  • Frogs are taller with green shade being cheerier and more relaxed.

  • The Indian frogs are called Rana tigirna, which are vertebrates, coming under the class Amphibia (phylum Chordata).

  • The body temperature of frogs varies according to their environment and are cold blooded animals (Poikilotherm).

  • Frogs need to protect themselves from extreme heat and cold for maintaining optimum body temperature.

  • Aestivation and hibernation are followed by frogs during summer and winter.

  • Frogs can also change their skin colour as per the surroundings and hence are camouflage.

  • They have a slippery moist and highly permeable skin through which they absorb water and respire.

  • The moist skin acts as a respiratory organ in frogs.

Introduction to Frogs

Introduction to Frogs

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  • A toad is an amphibian with dry, bumpy skin and without tail.

  • These are muddy animals which symbolize fertility and abundance.

  • These are characterized by dry, leathery skin, short legs, and large bumps covering the parotoid glands.

  • Toads are powerful Feng Shui symbols of fortune, prosperity, fertility, and abundance.

  • Toad toxins are highly poisonous to cats and dogs.

  • Drooling, loss of coordination, headshaking and convulsions are the symptoms of toad poisoning in pets.

European fire-bellied toad (Bombina bombina)

European Fire-Bellied Toad (Bombina Bombina)

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Scientific Taxonomy

  • Families Bufonidae

  • Bombinatoridae

  • Calyptocephalellidae

  • Discoglossidae

  • Myobatrachidae

  • Pelobatidae

  • Rhinophrynidae

  • Scaphiopodidae

  • Microhylidae