Frogs and Toads: Introduction to Frogs and Their Characteristics (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Introduction to Frogs

  • A frog is any member of a diverse and carnivorous group of short-bodied.
  • It includes tailless amphibians composing the order Anura (without tail in Ancient Greek) .
  • Frogs usually have moist slimy skin.
  • Frog eggs are found in a mass.
  • Frogs are taller with green shade being cheerier and more relaxed.
  • The Indian frogs are called Rana tigirna, which are vertebrates, coming under the class Amphibia (phylum Chordata) .
  • The body temperature of frogs varies according to their environment and are cold blooded animals (Poikilotherm) .
  • Frogs need to protect themselves from extreme heat and cold for maintaining optimum body temperature.
  • Aestivation and hibernation are followed by frogs during summer and winter.
  • Frogs can also change their skin colour as per the surroundings and hence are camouflage.
  • They have a slippery moist and highly permeable skin through which they absorb water and respire.
  • The moist skin acts as a respiratory organ in frogs.
Introduction to Frogs


  • A toad is an amphibian with dry, bumpy skin and without tail.
  • These are muddy animals which symbolize fertility and abundance.
  • These are characterized by dry, leathery skin, short legs, and large bumps covering the parotoid glands.
  • Toads are powerful Feng Shui symbols of fortune, prosperity, fertility, and abundance.
  • Toad toxins are highly poisonous to cats and dogs.
  • Drooling, loss of coordination, headshaking and convulsions are the symptoms of toad poisoning in pets.
European Fire-Bellied Toad (Bombina Bombina)

Scientific Taxonomy

  • Families Bufonidae
  • Bombinatoridae
  • Calyptocephalellidae
  • Discoglossidae
  • Myobatrachidae
  • Pelobatidae
  • Rhinophrynidae
  • Scaphiopodidae
  • Microhylidae

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