Human Body: Introduction to Human Body, Composition of the Human Body

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Introduction to Human Body

  • The human body defines the structure of a human being.

  • It is composed of different types of cells that together create tissues and organ systems.

  • The human body comprises:

    • A head

    • Neck

    • Trunk (thorax and abdomen)

    • Arms and hands

    • Legs and feet

Study of the Human Body

Study of the human body

Study of the Human Body

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Anatomy

  • It is the scientific study of form and shapes of human beings.

  • The skeleton helps in protecting several vital organs such as lung and liver.

  • Muscles assist the bones in locomotion being specialized tissues.

Physiology

  • It is the scientific study of functions and mechanisms in a living system.

  • It focuses on how organisms, organ systems, individual organs, cells, and biomolecules carry out the chemical and physical functions.

Histology

  • It is the study of the microanatomy of cells, tissues, and organs as seen through a microscope.

  • It examines the correlation between structure and function.

Embryology

  • The branch of biology that studies the prenatal development of gametes (sex cells).

  • It also includes fertilization, and development of embryos and foetuses.

Composition of Human Body

Composition of Human Body

Composition of Human Body

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Various Components of the Human Digestive System

Human Digestive System and Components

Human Digestive System and Components

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Reproductive System

Male Reproductive System

  • Penis

  • Urethra

  • Scrotum

  • Testicle

  • Seminal vesicle

  • Vas deferns

Female Reproductive System

  • Vagina

  • Cervix

  • Endometrium

  • Ovary

  • Fimbriae

  • Fallopian tubes

  • Uterus

Human Respiratory System

  • Trachea

  • Bronchi

  • Bronchioles

  • Lungs

  • Diaphragm

Nervous System

Central Nervous System

  • Forebrain

  • Midbrain

  • Hindbrain

Peripheral Nervous System

  • Somatic nervous system

  • Autonomic Nervous System

FAQs

Q 1. What are the various components of Human Digestive System?

Answer:

The various components of Human Digestive System are namely mouth, teeth, tongue, oesophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, gastrointestinal tract, small and large intestines, and rectum.

Q 2. Define anatomy of the human body.

Answer:

Anatomy of the human body can be defined as the scientific study of form and shapes of human beings.

Q 3. What are the two classifications of Human Nervous System?

Answer:

The two classification of Human Nervous System are:

i) Central Nervous System consists of Forebrain, Midbrain, and Hindbrain.

ii) Peripheral Nervous System consists of Somatic Nervous System and Autonomic Nervous System