Immune System: Disorders of the Immune System and Immunology

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Disorders of the Immune System

Disorders of the Immune System

Disorders of the Immune System

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Allergic Diseases

This includes hay fever, sinus disease, asthma, hives, dermatitis, and eczema.

Autoimmune Diseases

Includes multiple sclerosis, autoimmune thyroid disease, type 1 diabetes, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and systemic vasculitis.

Immunodeficiencies

  • These are inherited from a parent to the child.

  • Includes primary immunodeficiency diseases such as x-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), complement deficiencies, etc.

Immunology

  • It is the branch of medicine and biology concerned with immunity.

  • It can also be defined as the study of the immune system, the cell-mediated and humoral aspects of immunity and immune responses.

  • When immune system is weak or stop functioning:

    • Infectious diseases

    • Allergies

    • Fever

    • Flu

  • The Immunology of transplantation:

    • The process of transplantation from a donor to the recipient.

    • The recipient’s body does not reject the organ.

Immunology Techniques

Immunology Techniques

Immunology Techniques

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Applications of Immunology

  • Medicine

  • Fields of organ transplantation.

  • Oncology

  • Rheumatology

  • Virology

  • Bacteriology

  • Parasitology

  • Psychiatry

  • Dermatology

FAQs

Q 1. What is Passive Immunity?

Answer:

  • Passive Immunity is produced by antibodies produced outside the body.

  • Lasts for a short duration of time.

  • For e.g. temporary immunity is provided to a baby by antibodies present in a mother’s breast milk.

Q 2. What are the applications of Immunology?

Answer:

Applications of Immunology are:

i) Medicine

ii) Fields of organ transplantation.

iii) Oncology

iv) Rheumatology

v) Virology

vi) Bacteriology

vii) Parasitology

viii) Psychiatry

ix) Dermatology

Q 3. What are the elements of Innate Immune System?

Answer:

Elements of Innate Immune System are:

i) Dendritic Cells

ii) Phagocytic Cells

iii) Natural Killer

iv) Physical epithelial barriers

v) Circulating plasma proteins

Q 4. What are the symptoms of Immune Dysfunction?

Answer:

Following are the symptoms of Immune Dysfunction:

i) Autoimmune disorders.

ii) Painful joints and muscles.

iii) Herpes (cold sore) outbreak.

iv) Rhinitis or a constant runny nose.

v) Psoriasis, eczema, hives, or rashes.

vi) Bowel disorders.

vii) Parasite infections.