Respiration: Meaning of Respiration, Human Respiratory System

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Meaning of Respiration

  • It is a metabolic process carried out in all living species.

  • The nutrients are converted into useful energy within the cell.

  • There is a production of energy with the intake of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide within the same process.

  • Insects and worms do not have lungs to perform respiration.

  • Lungs are the primary respiratory organ in animals like birds, lions, cows, elephants, snakes, including humans.

Human Respiratory System

Human Respiratory System

Human Respiratory System

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Cockroach

  • Respiration occurs through spiracles in cockroach.

  • Spiracles are the small openings on the sides of the body.

  • Trachea is the respiratory organ of cockroach.

  • Trachea is also a dense array of a network of air tubes found in the internal system.

  • The pressure inside the system is balanced by trachea.

  • The oxygen rich air (enters through spiracles) diffuses into various tissues and cells of the body.

    • Oxygen is used for liberating energy.

  • Carbon-dioxide rich air passes into the trachea.

    • Moves outward through spiracles.

  • It is due to the respiratory process the carbon dioxide is given out.

Respiration in Cockroach

Respiration in Cockroach

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Earthworm

  • Earthworms do not have any special respiratory organs.

  • The skin feels moist and they are called slimy creatures.

  • The skin is the breathing organ in earthworms.

  • Air can easily pass through the skin of an earthworm.

  • Through the moist skin and capillaries, the exchange of gases takes place.

  • The hemoglobin dissolved in the blood picks up the oxygen and the carbon dioxide are released.

  • The skin is also used to move water and salts by active transport.

  • The earthworm’s skin must be kept moist for diffusion to occur.

Earthworm Head

Earthworm Head

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