Effects of Radiation, Harmful Effects of Radiation, Protective Measures (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Facts on Effects of Radiation

  • Radiation is around us, and is used in many applications safely.
  • The radiation effects can be mild or life-threatening, depending on the dose. All sources of radiation poisoning can be nuclear accidents, the work environment, and some medical treatment.
  • There is no cure, but barriers can prevent exposure and some medicines can remove some of the body՚s radiation.
  • Anyone who thinks they are radiation sensitive will seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Effects of Radiation Pollution

  • In reproductive cells, ionizing radiation damages the genetic material and results in mutations that are transmitted from generation to generation. The mutagenic effects of radiation were first recognized in the 1920s, and since that time radiation has been used as an important means in genetic research to obtain new mutations in experimental organisms.
  • The radiation՚s genetic effects are reflected not in individuals irradiated but in their immediate or distant offspring. Due to the duration of the human life cycle, the time lag is great, and massive epidemiological studies with long-term follow-up are needed to gather sufficient data for statistical analysis.

Questions

What Materials Can Block Radiation?

Answer:

Non-lead shielding materials are produced with additives and binders mixed with attenuating heavy metals which fall into the same material category as lead which also absorbs or blocks radiation. Such metals may include tin (Sn) , antimony (Sb) , bismuth (Bi) , tungsten (W) , or other elements.

What Are the Effects of Radiation Poisoning?

Answer:

  • A very high level of radiation exposure within a short period of time can cause symptoms such as nausea and vomiting within hours, which can also lead to death in the days or weeks that follow.
  • This is called the acute radiation syndrome, commonly referred to as “radiation sickness.”

How Does Radiation Attack the Body?

Answer:

  • In living organisms, ionizing radiation will impact the atoms, thereby posing a health risk by destroying tissue and DNA in the genes.
  • Has enough energy to impact the atoms of living cells, thus destroying their genetic material (DNA) . It can also have long-term effects on well-being, such as cancer and cardiovascular disease.

What is the Harmful Effect of Radiation?

Answer:

  • Exposure to very high levels of radiation, such as being close to an atomic blast, can cause acute health effects such as skin burns and acute radiation syndrome ( “radiation sickness” ) .
  • It can also result in long-term health effects such as cancer and cardiovascular disease.

What is the Most Common Acute Side Effect of Radiation Treatment?

Answer:

  • Fatigue can cause exhaustion, both physical, emotional and mental.
  • This tiredness is not induced by overactivity and is not necessarily relieved by rest, but many people would recommend rest as a way to alleviate tiredness.
  • The most common acute side effect of radiation therapy is fatigue.

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