Fermium, Figure of Fermium, Chemical Properties of Fermium, Properties, Certain Facts (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Fermium

Fermium Symbol
Symbol
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass
Discovered byAlbert Ghiorso and colleagues in 1953

Figure of Fermium

Figure of Fermium

Chemical Properties of Fermium

Chemical Properties of Fermium
GroupActinidesMelting point,

,

Period7Boiling pointUnknown
Blockf

Unknown
Atomic number100Relative atomic mass257
State at SolidKey isotopes
Electron configuration[Rn]

CAS number7440 - 72 - 4
ChemSpider ID22432ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database

What is Fermium?

  • Fermium is a transuranic radioactive element and a member of the actinide series in the periodic table of elements.
  • Fermium was first discovered by Albert Ghiorso and others during the work involving at New Mexico and the University of California at Berkeley in the radioactive fallout from a nuclear test in the Pacific Ocean.
  • So far, not enough fermium has been made to analyze its chemical properties, but it is predicted that it would be a metal susceptible to attack by acids, steam, and air.
  • Fermium is produced in small quantities and does not have an extended half-life.

Uses of Fermium

  • As fermium is found in very small quantities and all of its isotopes have very short lives, there is no commercial use for the element.
  • The scientists make use of this element in their research in expanding their knowledge on the rest of the periodic table.

Properties of Fermium

  • The most stable isotope of Fermium, that is has a half-life of around 100.5 days.
  • The isotope can be decayed into with alpha decay or through spontaneous fission.

Certain Facts About Fermium

  • It no longer exists naturally on earth but earlier it was known to have been produced in natural reactor deposits.
  • As it does not occur naturally, it has no known health hazards facts and effects.
  • Fermium can be obtained in microgram quantities by bombarding neutrons of plutonium inside a nuclear reactor. The and other higher isotopes can be produced with this process.

Question

What is Fermium Used For?

Answer:

  • Fermium is found only in small quantities and all its isotopes have short half-lives, there is no commercial use for the element.
  • It is used in scientific research that expands the knowledge of the rest of the periodic table.

Is Fermium a Solid Liquid or Gas?

Answer:

  • Elements can be classified based on their physical states (States of Matter) e. g. , gas, solid or liquid. This element is a solid.
  • Fermium classified as an element in the Actinide series as one of the “Rare Earth Elements” which can located in Group 3 elements of the Periodic Table and in the 6th and 7th periods.

What is Fermium Named After?

Answer:

Fermium is named after the nuclear physicist Enrico Fermi.

Is Fermium Radioactive?

Answer:

  • Fermium is a radioactive element and a member of the actinide group of the periodic table of elements.
  • So far not enough fermium has been made to analyse its chemical properties, but predictions are that it would be a silvery metal susceptible to attack by air, steam and acids.

Is Fermium Manmade?

Answer:

  • Fermium is artificially produced, though it did occur naturally once, with einsteinium, at the natural nuclear fission reactor at Oklo, Gabon.
  • It can also be produced at nuclear reactors or accelerators, when lighter actinides are bombarded with neutrons.

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