Sodium Chloride – NaCl, Properties of Sodium Chloride, Uses of Sodium Chloride, Uses & Benefits (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

Get unlimited access to the best preparation resource for competitive exams : get questions, notes, tests, video lectures and more- for all subjects of your exam.

What is Sodium Chloride?

  • Sodium Chloride is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl.
  • Sodium Chloride is also known as salt. It occurs in oceans and sea waters. It is also found as rock salt. About of seawater is made of . It is a crystalline solid, white in color. In its aqueous form, it is called a saline solution.
  • The molecular weight of NaCl is
  • This compound is water-soluble and consists of sodium cation and chloride anion. The sodium and chloride ion are present in the ratio . It is widely known as table salt and is mostly used in the food industry for preservation and flavoring. The pH of sodium chloride is 7.

Properties of Sodium Chloride – NaCl

Properties of Sodium Chloride
NAClSodium Chloride
Molecular Weight/Molar Mass of Sodium chloride
Density of sodium chloride
Boiling Point of Sodium Chloride
Melting Point of sodium chloride

Structure of Sodium Chloride –

Structure of Sodium Chloride

Structure of Sodium Chloride

Uses of Sodium Chloride

  • It is used in medicine – Saline solution in nasal spray
  • It is used in fire extinguishers
  • It is used in cleansers like shampoo, toothpaste
  • It is used in the soda ash industry to produce sodium carbonate through Solvay process
  • It is used in the paper industry, textile industry and in the construction of roads
  • It is used in water softening

Uses & Benefits

  • Sodium chloride is essential to maintain the electrolyte balance of fluids in a person՚s body. If levels of electrolytes become too low or too high, a person can become dehydrated or over hydrated.
  • Sodium chloride has been used to flavor and preserve foods for thousands of years. As a preservative, salt helps to prevent spoilage and helps to keep foods like ready-to-eat meats and cheeses safe to eat. Salt is also used in fermenting processes for foods like sauerkraut, pickles and kefir.
  • Sodium chloride also has many other uses beyond seasoning and preserving foods. Hospitals use an intravenous sodium chloride solution to supply water and salt to patients to alleviate dehydration. Icy sidewalks and roadways are often de-iced by rock salt, the same type of salt that is used on your dinner table, before it is ground down to finer crystals. Large quantities of sodium chloride are also used in industrial manufacturing settings to help make a range of products, from plastic, paper, rubber and glass, to chlorine, polyester, household bleach, soaps, detergents and dyes.

Questions

What is Sodium Chloride Used For?

Answer:

The chemical name for common salt is sodium chloride. Sodium is an electrolyte that controls how much water the body has in it. Sodium also plays a part in muscle contractions and nerve impulses. Sodium chloride is used to treat or avoid dehydration, excessive sweating or other causes of sodium loss.

Is Sodium Chloride Acidic or Basic?

Answer:

is formed by the and reaction. Both the acid and the base are strong in this reaction. When a strong acid and a strong base react together, salt and water are formed as a result. Thus, sodium chloride is a salt.

How to Make 1 M and 2 M Solutions of

Answer:

Fill a flask with 0.8 litres of water, measure how much sodium chloride you need, add it to the water and shake until it is dissolved. Add 58.44 grams of salt for a 1 M solution and add 116.88 grams and so on to make a 2 M solution.

What is Sodium Chloride?

Answer:

Sodium chloride is more commonly known as salt. It is one of the most abundant minerals on Earth and an essential nutrient for many animals and plants, including people.

What Are Sodium Chloride Uses?

Answer:

  • Sodium chloride has been used to flavor and preserve foods for thousands of years. Sodium chloride has other uses beyond seasoning and preserving foods.
  • For example, hospitals use an intravenous sodium chloride solution to supply water and salt to patients to alleviate dehydration. Sodium chloride is also used in industrial manufacturing setting to produce other products like plastic and paper.

Is Sodium Chloride Safe?

Answer:

Salt, also known as sodium chloride, is regulated by U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a “generally recognized as safe” (GRAS) ingredient. A “GRAS” substance is one that has a long history of safe, common use in foods, or that is determined to be safe, for the intended use, based on proven science. FDA notes that consuming too much salt can contribute to high blood pressure or hypertension.

Developed by: