What is Water Management, Conservation Methods, Types, Different Methods to Conserving Water (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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  • The activity of movement and control of water resources to minimize the damage to property and life and also to maximize the efficient beneficial use is known as water management. If the management of water is good in dams and levees it reduces the risk of harm caused due to flooding.
  • Water management is a process of developing, optimizing and planning of water resources via many practices which are defined by many policies and regulations. With the increase in the population which has been doubled to over 6 billion people from 1900, the use of water has popped up to 600 % . According to the statistics, the health of people is threatened by inadequate access to clean water for drinking and sanitation.

Water Conservation Methods

  • With a well-planned system, water is supplied to many places regularly in a city. This is generally planned by civic authorities in a city. But many times, we observe that some amount of water is wasted through leakage of pipe and many other reasons. As we know that proper water management is necessary for the conservation of water. Thus, it is important for civic authorities to take care of these issues while supplying water to our homes.
  • We usually observe that most of the rainwater gets wasted although it is one of the most precious natural resources. This rainwater can be used to recharge the groundwater levels by a technique known as rainwater harvesting. Farmers can play an important role in water management by using a water conservation method for irrigation known as drip irrigation. In this technique, plants are watered using narrow tubes and this water is directly delivered at the base of the plant.
Water Conservation Methods

We can also play an important role in minimizing the wastage of the water we use. Some of those habits can be turning off the taps while brushing, mopping the floor instead of washing. A little water conservation method that can be practiced by individuals to reduce the wastage of water are provided below.

  • Installing flow-restricting shower heads to save water during showers.
  • Taking bucket-baths instead of showers.
  • Turning off the tap while shaving or brushing teeth.
  • Immediately fixing any leaking taps and pipes in our homes.
  • Practicing rainwater harvesting to reduce the wastage of rainwater.

Water Conservation Methods

  • One of the oldest sites of the Indus Valley civilization, Dholavira in the state of Gujarat has well-documented lake-shaped storage reservoirs to store surface water during the rainy season.
  • Burhanpur, Madhya Pradesh, hosts the unique and elaborate network of well-connected water drainage and storage systems. Today the place is not so popular and is a must-visit for any hydrology student. Every fort which survives today has well-organized storage systems. This was important since forts were built to provide supplies during long-drawn wars where movement outside was constrained.
  • The Indian practice of cleaning water using brass vessels is well known and continues until today. Even today having water filter systems made from brass is not unusual. Older people in India use brass pots in the evening to store water and drink it during daytime.
  • While many technological devices are being developed to minimize water wastage, the impact will be greater if each individual contributes to water conservation by minimizing or optimizing the use of groundwater for daily work. Today, water conservation is becoming extremely critical at an individual level.
  • Each year our water supplies are depleting. Therefore, we cannot produce artificial water and must be reliant on the available water sources on our planet earth. Water shortage is felt all over the world due to population growth and the unsustainable need for water to suit our ever-expanding modern lifestyle. It has given rise to substantial concerns about water conservation.

Types of Water Management

  • Water resource management traditionally involves managing water storage and water flows. Clients will need to invest in institutional reinforcement, information management, and (natural and man-made) infrastructure development to enhance water security against this backdrop of rising demand, water scarcity, growing uncertainty, greater extremes, and fragmentation challenges.
  • Information systems are needed for resource management, uncertain decision taking, system analysis and hydro-meteorological forecasting and warning. Investments in advanced technology to improve efficiency, preserve and protect energy, recycle storm water and wastewater and establish non-conventional water sources should be explored in addition to finding opportunities for improved water storage, including regeneration and recovery of aquifers.

Different Methods to Conserving Water

  • With a well-planned system, water is supplied to many places regularly in a city. This is generally planned by civic authorities in a city. But many times, we observe that some amount of water is wasted through leakage of pipe and many other reasons.
  • Most of the rainwater gets wasted although it is the most precious natural resource. This rainwater can be used to recharge the groundwater by a technique known as rainwater harvesting.
  • Farmers can play an important role in water management by using a technique called drip irrigation. In this technique, plants are watered using narrow tubes and this water is directly delivered at the base of the plant.
  • Some of those habits can be turning off the taps while brushing, mopping the floor instead of washing.
Conserving Water

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