# Limits, Continuity and Differentiability: What Are Limits: Existence of Limit (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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# Title: Limits, Continuity and Differentiability

• The limit concept is certainly indispensable for the development of analysis, for convergence and divergence of infinite series also depends on this concept.
• Theory of limits and then defining continuity, differentiability and the definite integral in terms of the limit concept is successfully executed by mathematicians.

## What Are Limits?

• Limit of a function may be a finite or an infinite number.
• If it just implies that the function f (x) tends to assume extremely large positive values in the vicinity of i.e..

• A function is said to be indeterminate at any point if it acquires one of the following values at that particular point
• The form is the standard indeterminate form.
• The point ‘∞’ cannot be plotted on the paper. It is just a symbol and not a number.
• Infinity (∞) does not obey the laws of elementary algebra.

## Existence of Limit

The limit will exist if the following conditions get fulfilled:

Both LHS and RHS should be finite

## Continuity

• A continuous function is a function for which small changes in the input results in small changes in the output. Otherwise, a function is said to be discontinuous.
• A function f (x) is said to be continuous at x = a if
• i.e.. L. H. L = R. H. L = value of the function at x = a
• A function f (x) is said to be discontinuous Function.

## Differentiability

### Existence of Derivative

• Right and left hand derivative
• A piecewise function is differentiable at a point if both of the pieces have derivatives at that point, and the derivatives are equal at that point.
• In this case, Sal took the derivatives of each piece: first he took the derivative of at x = 3 and saw that the derivative there is 6.
• A function f is said to be continuously differentiable if the derivative f′ (x) exists and is itself a continuous function.
• Though the derivative of a differentiable function never has a jump discontinuity, it is possible for the derivative to have an essential discontinuity.
• For example, the function

• is differentiable at 0,