# Pictograph: Data and Pictograph and Drawing a Pictograph: Pictures and Pictorial Representation (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Suppose you were given some random peopleΥs names and their phone numbers and asked to arrange them. How will you handle this?

## Data and Pictograph

Data is set of collection of names, numbers, figures, etc. that convey some information. In simple words data is just a collection of raw facts and figures. It can be about anything. A data is made based on observations, research or analysis. We can depict data in different forms such as tables, charts, pictures, graphs, etc.

Pictograph is a pictorial representation of a word or expression. It is one of the methods of recording data in more interesting way. In pictograph, a data is recorded in form of images and these images help us to understand statistical information in a much easier way. But, the chances of misinterpretation are high. A pictograph is also known as pictogram, pictorial chart, picture graph and many more.

### Drawing a Pictograph

Pictograph is all about pictures and pictorial representation. To make it more interesting, a pictogram must be precise and properly described. Hence, we should be alert using images that we will use to represent the data. letΥs construct a pictogram of following data.

The following are the different animals and corresponding column gives their weight. Here we will represent it, as shown below.

Representation: We will use banana and cherry to picturize this data. Below are value of banana and cherry:

Pictograph: Pictogram of above data would be:

Example 1: Number of red colored boxes sold by William, a shopkeeper, in six days of a week. See the picture graph or pictograph to answer the questions.

(i) Number of red boxes sold:

Monday β 4, Tuesday β 2, Wednesday β 3, Thursday β 5, Friday β 8, Saturday β 1

Therefore, sale during the week

(ii) Lowest sale β on Saturday, only 1 box was sold.

Maximum sale on Friday is 8 boxes were sold.

We can easily get more information by observing this picture-graph.

Example: 2 Number of illiterate children of 5 small towns, Melrose, Marengo, Midway, Parral and Rushville. See the picture graph or pictograph to answer the questions.

(i) Number of illiterate children of different small towns:

Melrose - 5, Marengo - 4, Midway - 7, Parral - 3 and Rushville - 2

(ii) Total number of illiterate = 21