Quadrilaterals: Definition and Meaning, Properties of Quadrilaterals (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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• Quadrilateral in geometry can be defined as a closed, two-dimensional shape with four straight sides.
• According to Euclidean plane geometry, a quadrilateral can be defined as a polygon with four edges (sides) and four vertices (corners) .
• Other names for quadrilateral include:
• Quadrangle (in analogy to triangle)
• Tetragon (in analogy to pentagon)
• 5-sided polygon
• Hexagon
• (6-sided polygon)
• 4-gon (in analogy to k-gons for arbitrary values of k)
• In our day today life there exist several numbers of things with shape of quadrilaterals.
• Chess board
• A deck of cards
• A kite
• A tub of popcorn

• A quadrilateral contains 4 sides, 4 angles and 4 vertices.
• A quadrilateral can be regular or irregular.
• The sum of all the interior angles of a quadrilateral is 360°.

 Name of the Quadrilateral Picture Properties Square Shape Illustration 2 for Types_of_Quadrilateral Illustration 3 for Types_of_Quadrilateral Rectangle Opposite sides are parallel and equal.All angles are equal measuring 90°. Rhombus Rhombus Shape All sides are equal.Opposite angles are equal. Trapezoid Trapezoid Shape Opposite sides are parallel.Adjacent angles add up to 180°. Parallelogram Parallelogram Quadrilateral Opposite sides are parallel and equal.Opposite angles are equal.

It has four vertices or corners.

Different types are Parallelogram, Square, Rectangle, etc.

Kite

Properties of Kite

• Diagonals of a kite intersect each other at right angles.
• Two pairs of adjacent sides are of equal length.
• One of the diagonals is the perpendicular bisector of another.
• Angles between unequal sides are equal.

(i) In quadrilateral PQRS, the sides PQ = QR and PS = ₹ . Here the adjacent pair of sides are equal in length and hence PQRS is a special type of quadrilateral known as a kite.

In

QS are common

Hence by SSS rule of congruency

Also, we have in

Therefore

Thus, by ASA rule of congruency

Also, we have by Linear Pair

(ii) Since

using CPCT

Thus, QS bisects PR at O.

Hence one of the diagonals is the perpendicular bisector of another.

(iii) Since

using CPCT

Hence the angles between unequal sides are equal.

(iv) Area of a kite

If the length of both the diagonals are given as A and B, then area can be given as:

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