Square: Properties of a Square, Diagonal of Square and Square Example

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Square is a two-dimensional plane figure with four equal sides and equal angles.

What is a Square?

Square is a regular quadrilateral where all the four sides and angles are equal. All the four angles are right angles. It can also be defined as a rectangle where two opposite sides have equal length.

Square is a regular quadrilateral

Square is a Regular Quadrilateral

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Properties of a Square

The most important properties of a square are listed below:

  • All four interior angles are equal to 90°

  • All four sides of the square are congruent or equal to each other

  • The opposite sides of the square are parallel to each other

  • The diagonals of the square bisect each other at 90°

  • The two diagonals of the square are equal to each other

  • The square has 4 vertices and 4 sides

  • The diagonal of the square divide it into two similar isosceles triangles.

  • Area of the square is equal to the side squared

  • The perimeter of the square is equal to the sum of all its four sides.

  • The length of the diagonals of the square is equal to , where s is the side of the square. As we know, the length of the diagonals is equal to each other. Therefore, by Pythagoras theorem, we can say, diagonal is the hypotenuse and the two sides of the triangle formed by diagonal of the square, are perpendicular and base.

Since,

Hence,

Where d is the length of the diagonal of a square and s is the side of the square.

Diagonal of Square

It is a segment that connects two opposite vertices of the square. As we have four vertices of a square, thus we can have two diagonals within a square. Diagonals of the square are always greater than its sides.

Below given are some important relation of diagonal of a square and other terms related to the square.

Diagonal of square

Relation between Diagonal ‘d’ and side ‘a’ of a square

Relation between Diagonal ‘d’ and Area ‘A’ of a Square-

Relation between Diagonal ‘d’ and Perimeter ‘P’ of a Square-

Relation between Diagonal ‘d’ and Circumradius ‘R’ of a square:

Relation between Diagonal ‘d’ and diameter of the Circumcircle

Relation between Diagonal ‘d’ and In-radius (r) of a circle-

Relation between Diagonal ‘d’ and diameter of the In-circle

Relation between diagonal and length of the segment l-

Square Example

Example: Let a square have side equal to . Find out its area, perimeter and length of diagonal.

Solution: Given, side of the square,

We have to find out the area of square, perimeter and diagonal of the square.

We have the formula to find out the area of square.

Area of the square

Put the value,

Square of 8,

Hence, the area of square is

We find the perimeter, also have the formula for the perimeter of square.

Perimeter of the square

Put the value,

Multiply the 8 and 4.

We have to find out the length of the diagonal of square.

Formula for the length of the diagonal of square.

Length of the diagonal of square