Braille: Helping the Blind and the Visually Impaired Read: The Alphabets and Numbers of Braille, Uses of Braille (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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  • Braille is a system that uses combinations of raised dots to spell letters and numbers.
  • It is used by people who are blind or partially sighted for helping them read and write.
  • Braille is not actually a language — it՚s a system of writing. So once can write in many language such as English, Arabic and Spanish using braille!
  • It is used by many people all over the world and provides a means of literacy for all.

Who Are Called as Visually Impaired?

  • Visually impairment is the decrease in the ability of a person՚s sight to a large degree such that it cannot be fixed by any conventional means of corrections like glasses and lenses.
  • A term blind people or blindness refers to a complete or nearly complete vision loss.

What is Braille?

  • It is a system created by Louis Braille to help people to cope with the loss of their vision and still be able to read, learn and write like a normal person. Who himself suffered from visual impairment.
  • During Napoleon՚s reign, on a military technique known as Night Writing which was developed which is the core of this technique
  • Night writing was developed for a means for soldiers to communicate silently at night without light to avoid detection.
  • But it proved very difficult for soldiers to recognize by touch, it was perfect for the visually impaired which is where Louis Braille comes into the picture.
  • It is a system of raised dots or dents on the pages that can be read with the fingers by people who are blind or who have low vision.
  • Braille is unique which provides means of education for all irrespective of their impairments and is used by millions of people throughout the globe.

Braille Script a to Z

  • The basic Braille symbol, called the Braille cell, consists of six dots arranged in the formation of a rectangle, three dots high and two across.
  • Other symbols consist of only some of these six dots.
  • The six dots are commonly referred to by number according to their position in the cell
  • Sixty-four combinations are possible using one or more of these six dots.
  • For capital letters there are no different symbols in Braille.
  • A single cell can be used to represent an alphabet letter, number, punctuation mark, or even a whole word.
  • Capitalization is accomplished by placing a dot 6 in the cell just before the letter that is capitalized.
  • The first ten letters of the alphabet are used to make numbers.
  • These are preceded by a number sign which is dots 3 - 4-5 - 6:
  • Thus, 1 is number sign a; 2 is number sign b; 10 is number sign a-j and 193 is number sign a-i-c:

The Alphabets and Numbers of Braille

The Alphabets and Numbers of Braille
  • As we can see from the chart with the alphabets that it is meant to be picked up easily.
  • We can see a recurring pattern in the alphabets. The second row is a replication of the first row with an addition of an extra dot in the bottom left corner and the third row is much the same with a dotted bottom row.
  • If we take the dots, two rows at a time you can easily see from the key that it is simply substituting alphabets for dots.

Uses of Braille

  • Blind People communicate with each other
  • The Ability to Read in the Dark
  • Prepare for Possible Vision Loss
  • Becoming Literate
  • Communicating with the Blind Effectively
  • Developing More Confidence in Yourself

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