Passive Circuit Elements, Resistors, Inductors, Capacitors, Transistors, Transformers (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Passive Circuit Elements

Some basic circuit components which are used in an electronic system is given below.

  • Resistors
  • Inductors
  • Capacitors
  • Transistors
  • Transformers


A Resistor is a Passive Two-Terminal Electrical
  • A resistor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that implements electrical resistance as a circuit element.
  • They are used to reduce current flow, adjust signal levels, to divide voltages, bias active elements, and terminate transmission lines, among other uses


An Inductor is a Passive Two-Terminal Electrical
  • An inductor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that stores energy in a magnetic field when electric current flows through it.
  • It is typically consists of an insulated wire wound into a coil.


A Capacitor is a Device That Stores Electrical
  • A capacitor is a device that stores electrical energy in an electric field.
  • Capacitor is a passive electronic component with two terminals.
  • The effect of it is known as capacitance


Transistors Semiconductor Device
  • It is a semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power.
  • It is composed of semiconductor material usually with at least three terminals for connection to an external circuit


Transfers Electrical Energy

It is a passive electrical device that transfers electrical energy from one electrical circuit to another or multiple circuits.

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