Chemistry Class-11: Chapter –7. Equilibrium Part – 9

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 109K)

V. Assertion and Reason Type

In the following questions a statement of Assertion (A) followed by a statement of Reason (R) is given. Choose the correct option out of the choices given below each question.

Question: 44

Assertion (A): Increasing order of acidity of hydrogen halides is

Reason (R): While comparing acids formed by the elements belonging to the same group of periodic table, bond strength is a more important factor in determining acidity of an acid than the polar nature of the bond.

(i) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(ii) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

(iii) A is true but R is false.

(iv) Both A and R are false.

Answer: (i)

Question: 45

Assertion (A): A solution containing a mixture of acetic acid and sodium acetate maintains a constant value of pH on addition of small amounts of acid or alkali.

Reason (R): A solution containing a mixture of acetic acid and sodium acetate acts as a buffer solution around .

(i) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A.

(ii) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

(iii) A is true but R is false.

(iv) Both A and R are false.

Answer: (i)

Question: 46

Assertion (A): The ionisation of hydrogen sulphide in water is low in the presence of hydrochloric acid.

Reason (R): Hydrogen sulphide is a weak acid.

(i) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A.

(ii) Both A and R are true but R is not correct explanation of A.

(iii) A is true but R is false

(iv) Both A and R are false

Answer: (ii)

Question: 47

Assertion (A): For any chemical reaction at a particular temperature, the equilibrium constant is fixed and is a characteristic property.

Reason (R): Equilibrium constant is independent of temperature.

(i) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A.

(ii) Both A and R are true but R is not correct explanation of A.

(iii) A is true but R is false.

(iv) Both A and R are false.

Answer: (iii)

Question: 48

Assertion (A): Aqueous solution of ammonium carbonate is basic.

Reason (R): Acidic/basic nature of a salt solution of a salt of weak acid and weak base depends on and value of the acid and the base forming it.

(i) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A.

(ii) Both A and R are true but R is not correct explanation of A.

(iii) A is true but R is false.

(iv) Both A and R are false.

Answer: (i)

Question: 49

Assertion (A): An aqueous solution of ammonium acetate can act as a buffer.

Reason (R): Acetic acid is a weak acid and is a weak base.

(i) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A.

(ii) Both A and R are true but R is not correct explanation of A.

(iii) A is false but R is true.

(iv) Both A and R are false.

Answer: (iii)

Question: 50

Assertion (A): In the dissociation of at constant pressure and temperature addition of helium at equilibrium increases the dissociation of .

Reason (R): Helium removes from the field of action.

(i) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A.

(ii) Both A and R are true but R is not correct explanation of A.

(iii) A is true but R is false.

(iv) Both A and R are false.

Answer: (iv)

Get top class preperation for NCO Class-11 right from your home- fully solved questions with step-by-step exaplanation- practice your way to success.

Developed by: