NCERT Class 12-Mathematics: Chapter –5 Continuity and Differentiability Part 20

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Verify the Rolle’s Theorem for Each of the Functions in Exercises 65 to 69

Question 65:

Answer:

Given:

Now, we have to show that verify the Rolle’s Theorem

First of all, Conditions of Rolle’s theorem are:

a) is continuous at

b) is derivable at

c)

If all three conditions are satisfied then there exist some ‘’ in such that

Condition 1:

On expanding , we get

Since, is a polynomial and we know that, every polynomial function is continuous for all

is continuous at

Hence, condition 1 is satisfied.

Condition 2:

Since, f(x) is a polynomial and every polynomial function is differentiable for all x ∈ R

is differentiable at

Hence, condition is satisfied.

Condition 3:

Hence,

Hence, condition is also satisfied.

Now, let us show that such that

On differentiating above with respect to x, we get

Put in above equation, we get

, all the three conditions of Rolle’s theorem are satisfied

On factorising, we get

So, value of

Thus, Rolle’s theorem is verified.

Question 66:

Answer:

We have,

(i) is continuous in

[since, and are continuous functions and we know that, if and be continuous functions, then is a continuous function.]

(ii)

which exists in

Hence, is differentiable in

(iii) Also,

Conditions of Rolle’s theorem are satisfied.

Hence, there exists atleast one such that

And

Hence, Rolle’s theorem has been verified.