NCERT Class 12-Mathematics: Chapter –6 Application of Derivatives Part 8

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Question 3:

A kite is moving horizontally at a height of meters. If the speed of kite is , how fast is the string being let out; when the kite is away from the boy who is flying the kite? The height of boy is .

Answer:

Given: a boy of n height is flying a kite at a height of . The kite is moving with a speed of . And the kite is away from the boy.

To find the speed at which the string is let out

Explanation: the below figure shows the above situation,

The below figure shows the above situation

The below Figure Shows the Above Situation

From the above figure,

Height of the kite,

Height of the boy,

Distance between kite and boy,

And BA is the length of the string

So, we need to find out the rate of increase of the string

From figure,

From figure it is clear that forms right-angled triangle

Now applying the Pythagoras theorem, we get

Now substituting the corresponding values, we get

Now differentiate equation (i) with respect to time, we get

Applying the sum rule of the differentiation, we get

Now the height is not increasing so it is constant, so

Applying the derivative with respect to t, we get

Now given the kite is moving with a speed of , so

Now substituting corresponding value in equation (iii), we get

Hence the string is let out at a rate of .

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