NCERT Physics Class 11 Exemplar Ch 14 Oscillations Part 2

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MCQ II

12. The rotation of earth about its axis is

(a) Periodic motion.

(b) Simple harmonic motion.

(c) Periodic but not simple harmonic motion.

(d) Non-periodic motion.

Ans: (a), (c)

13. Motion of a ball bearing inside a smooth curved bowl, when released from a point slightly above the lower point is

(a) Simple harmonic motion.

(b) Non-periodic motion.

(c) Periodic motion.

(d) Periodic but not S.H.M.

Ans: (a), (c)

14. Displacement vs. time curve for a particle executing S.H.M. is shown in Fig. Choose the correct statements. Fig.

Displacement vs time curve

Displacement vs Time Curve

Displacement vs time curve

(a) Phase of the oscillator is same at and .

(b) Phase of the oscillator is same at and .

(c) Phase of the oscillator is same at and .

(d) Phase of the oscillator is same at and .

Ans: (d), (b)

15. Which of the following statements is/are true for a simple harmonic oscillator?

(a) Force acting is directly proportional to displacement from the mean position and opposite to it.

(b) Motion is periodic.

(c) Acceleration of the oscillator is constant.

(d) The velocity is periodic.

Ans: (a), (b), (d)

16. The displacement time graph of a particle executing S.H.M. is shown in Fig. Which of the following statement is/are true?

Displacement vs time graph

Displacement vs Time Graph

Displacement vs time graph

(a) The force is zero at .

(b) The acceleration is maximum at .

(c) The velocity is maximum at .

(d) The P.E. is equal to K.E. of oscillation at

Ans: (a), (b), (c)

17. A body is performing S.H.M. Then its

(a) Average total energy per cycle is equal to its maximum kinetic energy.

(b) Average kinetic energy per cycle is equal to half of its maximum kinetic energy.

(c) Mean velocity over a complete cycle is equal to times of its maximum velocity.

(d) Root mean square velocity is times of its maximum velocity.

Ans: (a), (b) (d)

18. A particle is in linear simple harmonic motion between two points A and B, 10 cm apart (Fig. ). Take the direction from A to B as the direction and choose the correct statements.

Paeticle linear simple harmonic motion

Paeticle Linear Simple Harmonic Motion

Paeticle linear simple harmonic motion

(a) The sign of velocity, acceleration and force on the particle when it is 3 cm away from A going towards B are positive.

(b) The sign of velocity of the particle at C going towards O is negative.

(c) The sign of velocity, acceleration and force on the particle when it is 4 cm away from B going towards A are negative.

(d) The sign of acceleration and force on the particle when it is at point B is negative.

Ans: (a), (c), (d)

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