NCERT Physics Class12 Exampler Chapter-2 Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance Part-6

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Short Type Answer

Q.19 Prove that a closed equipotential surface with no charge within itself must enclose an equipotential volume.

Solution:

Suppose this were not true. The potential just inside the surface would be different from that at the surface resulting in a potential gradient. This would mean that there are field lines pointing inwards or outwards from the surface. These lines cannot at the other end be again on the surface, since the surface is equipotential. Thus, this Is possible only if the other end of the lines are at charges inside, contradicting the premise. Hence, the entire volume inside must be at the same potential.

Q.20 A capacitor has some dielectric between its plates, and the capacitor is connected to a DC source. The battery is now disconnected and then the dielectric is removed. State whether the capacitance, the energy stored in it, electric field, charge stored and the voltage will increase, decrease or remain constant.

Solution:

Will decrease

Energy stored and hence will increase.

Electric field will increase.

Charge stored will remain the same.

Will increase.

Q.21 Prove that, if an insulated, uncharged conductor is placed near a charged conductor and no other conductors are present, the uncharged body must be intermediate in potential between that of the charged body and that of infinity.

Solution:

Consider any path from the charged conductor to the uncharged conductor along the electric field. The potential will continually decrease along this path. A second path from the uncharged conductor to infinity will again continually lower the potential further. Hence this result.