NCERT Class VI Science Solutions: Chapter 16 – Garbage in Garbage out Part 2

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Question 6:

The steps required for conversion of kitchen garbage into manure are given below in a jumbled form.

  1. Put garbage in a pit.

  2. Cover the bottom of the pit with sand.

  3. Cover the pit loosely with a gunny bag or grass.

  4. Add Worms.

Which of the following shows the correct sequence of the above steps?

  1. (ii); (i); (iii); (iv)

  2. (i); (ii); (iii); (iv)

  3. (ii); (iv); (i); (iii)

  4. (iv); (i); (ii); (iii)

Answer: A

Image of steps for convert kitchen garbage into manure

Image of Steps for Convert Kitchen Garbage into Manure

Image of steps for convert kitchen garbage into manure

VERY SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS

Question 7:

Read the items mentioned in Columns I and Columns II and fill in the related process In the Columns III.

Match the Items of Column I and Column II and Column III (Q)
Match the items of Column I and Column II and Column III (Q)

Columns I

Columns II

Columns III

Organic waste

Earthworms

___________

Garbage

Dig pit and fill with garbage

___________

Old newspaper

Paper bags

___________

Answer:

Match the Items of Column I and Column II and Column III (A)
Match the items of Column I and Column II and Column III (A)

Columns I

Columns II

Columns III

Organic waste

Earthworms

Vermicomposting

Garbage

Dig pit and fill with garbage

Garbage disposal/landfill

Old newspaper

Paper bags

recycle

Question 8:

Correct the definitions of certain terms given below by changing only one word.

  1. Compost: Substances converted into manure for use in industries.

  2. Landfill: Garbage buried under water in an area.

  3. Recycling: Reuse of unused material in the same or another form.

Answer:

  1. Replace industries by fields or agricultural fields.

  2. Change water and write soil.

  3. Substitute unused by used.

Question 9:

Provide the suitable term that expresses the meaning of each of the following statements.

  1. Greeting cards made from newspaper.

  2. Contents of the waste bins.

  3. Worms converting certain kinds of waste into manure.

  4. An area where a lot of garbage is collected, spread out and covered with soil.

Answer:

  1. Recycling

  2. Garbage

  3. Vermicomposting

  4. Landfill

SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS

Question 10:

To what use can you put the following kinds of garbage and how?

  1. Rotting smelly garbage

  2. Dry leaves collected in a garbage

  3. Old newspapers

Answer:

  1. Rotting smelly garbage can be converted into compost through composting. The process of converting plant and animal waste materials into manure by rotting is called composting.

  2. Dry leaves collected in a garbage can be used as manure by vermicomposting the method of making compost from dry leaves by using red worms is called vermicomposting.

  3. Old newspapers can be recycled to make paper bags or paper pulp for handicrafts. Recycling is the process of changing waste material into new products to reduce waste and pollution.