NCERT Class VI Science Solutions: Chapter 2 – Components of Food Part 3

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Question 11:

Tasty food is not always nutritious and nutritious food may not always be tasty to eat. Comment with examples.

Answer:

Potato chips are tasty but they are not very nutritious. Boiled vegetables are very nutritious but they may not be tasty.

Image of potato chips

Image of Potato Chips

Image of potato chips

Question 12:

While using iodine in the laboratory, some drops of iodine fell on Paheli’s socks and some fell on her teacher’s saree. The drops of iodine on the saree turned blue black while their colour did not change on the socks. What can be the possible reason?

Answer:

The saree of Paheli’s teacher might have been starched. And starch turns blue black with iodine solution. Paheli’s socks did not have starch on it thereby showing no change.

Question 13:

Paheli and Boojho peeled some potatoes and cut them into small pieces. They washed and boiled them in water. They threw away the excess water and fried them in oil adding salt and spices. Although the potato dish tasted very good, its nutrient value was less. Suggest a method of cooking potatoes that will not lower the nutrients in them.

Answer:

Wash, peel, cut and cook the potatoes. Cooking in a small amount of water and then frying in a small quantity of oil conserves the nutrients.

Image for method of cooking potatoes

Image for Method of Cooking Potatoes

Image for method of cooking potatoes

Question 14:

Paheli avoids eating vegetables but likes to eat biscuits, noodles and white bread. She frequently complains of stomachache and constipation. What are the food items that she should include in her diet to get rid of the problem? Give reason for your answer.

Answer:

Paheli must include whole grains, whole pulses, fresh fruits and vegetables in her diet as she seems to lack roughage.

Question 15:

  1. List all those components of food that provide nutrients.

  2. Mention two components of food that do not provide nutrients.

Answer:

  1. Components of food that provide nutrients are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals.

  2. Components of food that do not provide nutrients are water and roughage/dietary fibres.

Question 16:

‘Minerals and vitamins are needed in very small quantities by our body as compared to other components. Yet, they are an important part of a balanced diet.’ Explain the statement.

Answer:

Vitamins and minerals are very important because they help in

  1. Protecting our body against diseases.

  2. Growth.

  3. Maintaining good health.

Question 17:

‘Water does not provide nutrients, yet it is an important component of food.’ Explain?

Answer:

Water helps our body to absorb nutrients from food and also helps in removing wastes such as urine and sweat.

Water does not provide nutrients, yet it is an important component of food.

Water Does Not Provide Nutrients

Water does not provide nutrients, yet it is an important component of food.