NCERT Class VII Science Solutions: Chapter 7-Weather, Climate and Adaptations of Animals to Climate Part 3

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Question 13:

Unscramble the following words using the hints given against them.

  1. MATLICE (Hint: weather pattern in a region over a period of time)

  2. AROPL (Hint: coolest region on earth)

  3. TREHMEOMRET (Hint: used to measure temperature)

  4. UHIDYTMI (Hint: feature of weather)

Answer:

  1. Climate

  2. Polar

  3. Thermometer

  4. Humidity

SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS

Question 14:

Match the animals mentioned in Column I with their characteristic features given in Column II.

Match the Animals Mentioned in Column I and Column II (Q)
Match the animals mentioned in Column I and Column II (Q)

Column I

Column II

Red eyed frog

Very sensitive hearing

Penguin

Streamlined body

Tiger

Silver-white mane

Lion-tailed macaque

Sticky pads on feet

Answer:

Match the Animals Mentioned in Column I and Column II (A)
Match the animals mentioned in Column I and Column II (A)

Column I

Column II

Red eyed frog

iv Sticky pads on feet

Penguin

ii Streamlined body

Tiger

i Very sensitive hearing

Lion-tailed macaque

iii Silver-white mane

Question 15:

Why is it difficult to predict the weather of a place while it is easy to predict its climate?

Answer:

Weather is a complex phenomenon which can vary over a short period of time and thus is difficult to predict. It is easier to predict climate as it is the average weather pattern taken over a long time.

Image of difference between climate and weather

Image of Difference between Climate and Weather

Image of difference between climate and weather

Question 16:

Name two animals each that live in Polar region and Tropical rain forests.

Answer:

Polar Regions: polar bear/penguin/reindeer/musk oxen/any other.

Image of animals which live in the polar region

Image of Polar Region Animals

Image of animals which live in the polar region

Tropical rain forests: red eyed frog/elephants/lion tailed macaque/any other.

Image of tropical rainforest animals

Image of Tropical Rainforest Animals

Image of tropical rainforest animals

Question 17:

Write two common adaptive features of a polar bear which help in keeping it warm.

Answer:

Layer of fat under skin, thick white fur.

Question 18:

Mention two adaptive features of penguin that help it in swimming.

Answer:

Streamlined body, webbed feet.