NCERT Class VII Science Solutions: Chapter 7-Weather, Climate and Adaptations of Animals to Climate Part 4

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Question 19:

Differentiate between:

  1. Weather and climate

  2. humidity and rainfall

  3. Climates of polar region and tropical rain forest

  4. Maximum and minimum temperatures of the day

Answer:

Image of wether averages

Image of Wether Averages

Image of wether averages

  1. Weather is the daily fluctuation in temperature, humidity, etc. while climate is the average weather pattern of a place.

  2. Humidity indicates the wetness of a place due to amount of moisture in the atmosphere while rainfall is the drops of water that fall from clouds on the ground.

  3. Polar region remains very cold for most part of the year whereas tropical rain forest is hot and humid.

  4. Maximum and minimum temperatures of the day indicate highest and lowest recorded temperature, respectively.

LONG ANSWER QUESTIONS

Question 20:

Fill in the blanks in the paragraph given below.

Weather of a place is the day-to-day condition of the __________ with respect to __________, __________, __________, __________ at that place, while climate is the __________ weather pattern taken over many years.

Answer:

Weather of a place is the day-to-day condition of the atmosphere with respect to temperature, humidity, rainfall, wind speed at that place, while climate is the average weather pattern taken over many years.

Question 21:

Given below is a list of climatic conditions and some examples of animals. Read them carefully and place the items in the relevant columns as shown.

Penguin, Gorrila, Monkey, Reindeer, Assam, Greenland, Sun does not rise for six months, Hot and humid climate, Days and nights arc almost equal in length throughout the year. Winter temperature around , Western Ghats

Answer:

Tropical Rain Forest and Polar Region
Tropical rain forest and Polar Region

Tropical rain forest

Polar Region

Hot and humid climate

Penguin

Gorilla

Reindeer

Monkey

Greenland

Assam

Sun does not rise for six months

Day and night are almost equal in length throughout the year

Winter temperature around .

Western Ghats