NCERT Class 10 Social Science Exemplar Chapter-2 Federalism Questions and Answers Part 1

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Question 1: Locate the following States on a blank outline political map of India: Manipur, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh and Goa

Answer:

Political Map

Political Map

Question 2: Identify and shade three federal countries (other than India) on a blank outline political map of the world.

Answer:

Political Map

Political Map

Question 3: Point out one feature in the practice of federalism in India that is similar to and one feature that is different from that of Belgium.

Answer: In India, just like in Belgium, the central government has to share its powers with the regional governments. However, unlike India, Belgium has a community government in addition to the central and the state government.

Question 4: What is the main difference between a federal form of government and a unitary one? Explain with an example.

Answer: In a federal form of government, the central government shares its powers with the various constituent units of the country. For example, in India, power is divided between the government at the Centre and the various State governments.

  • In a unitary form of government, all the power is exercised by only one government. For example, in Sri Lanka, the national government has all the powers.

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