NCERT Class 10 Social Science Exemplar Chapter-2 Federalism Questions and Answers Part 2

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Question 5: State any two differences between the local government before and after the constitutional amendment in 1992.

Answer:

Local Government
Local Government

Local governments BEFORE the Constitutional amendment in 1992

Local governments BEFORE the Constitutional amendment in 1992

Elections were not held regularly.

It is mandatory to hold regular elections to local government bodies.

Local governments did not have any powers or resources of their own.

The State governments are required to share some powers and revenue with local government bodies.

Question 6: Fill in the blanks:

Since the United States is a ____________________ type of federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are _______________ vis-à-vis the federal government. But India is a _________________ type of federation and some States have more power than others. In India, the ___________________ government has more powers.

Answer: Since the United States is a coming together type of federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are strong vis-à-vis the federal government. But India is a holding together type of federation and some States have more power than others. In India, the Central government has more powers.

Question 7: Here are three reactions to the language policy followed in India. Give an argument and an example to support any of these positions.

Sangeeta: The policy of accommodation has strengthened national unity. Arman: Language-based States have divided us by making everyone conscious of their language. Harish: This policy has only helped to consolidate the dominance of English over all other languages.

Answer: Sangeeta’s reaction is better than those of the other two. Unlike Sri Lanka (where the language of the majority has been promoted), the Indian polity has given equality of status to all the major languages spoken in the country. This has led to the avoidance of social conflict on linguistic basis. The policy of accommodation has made administration of States easier. It has also ensured a larger participation in the government’s activities by people who speak various languages.

Question 8: The distinguishing feature of a federal government is:

(a) National government gives some powers to the provincial governments.

(b) Power is distributed among the legislature, executive and judiciary.

(c) Elected officials exercise supreme power in the government.

(d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.

Answer: (d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.

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