NCERT Class 9 Social Science Exemplar Chapter-1 the French Revolution Questions and Answers Part 2 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Question 4: Draw up a list of democratic rights we enjoy today whose origins could be traced to the French Revolution.

Answer: The following fundamental rights, given in the Indian constitution can be traced to the French Revolution:

  • The right to equality
  • The right to freedom of speech and expression
  • The right to freedom from exploitation
  • The right to constitutional remedies

Question 5: Would you agree with the view that the message of universal rights was beset with contradictions? Explain.

Answer: The major contradiction in the message of universal rights as per the French Constitution of 1791 was the total ignorance of women. All rights were given to men. Apart from that the presence of huge number of people as passive citizens, without voting rights, was like not putting into practice what you preach. In other words it can be said that although the declaration of universal rights was a good starting point but it left much to be desired.

Question 6: How would you explain the rise of Napoleon?

Answer: After France became a republic in 1792, the then ruler, Robespierre, gave more privileges to the wealthier section of society. Further, he was a sort of autocrat himself. This led to reign of terror for the following many years. After Robespeirre՚s rule came to an end a directory was formed to avoid concentration of power in one individual. Members of the directory often fought among themselves leading to total chaos and political instability. This created a political vacuum in France. This was a conducive situation and Napoleon Bonaparte took the reign of power as a military dictator.

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